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 Detailed Timeline of European History
World War II (1939-45) << Effect of WW II on Each Country >> Post-War Era (1945-89)

Effect of World War II on Each Country
Devastation of Europe, Change in Global Balance of Power

Go to European History Interactive Map

World War II Interactive Map

World War II (1939 - 1945)

Albania
Before WWII: Invaded and conquered by Italy in 1939, becoming puppet state.
During WWII: Remained under Italian occupation until 1943, when the Allies invaded and gained control over the southern half of Italy. Nazi Germany moved in to take control over the northern half of Italy, as well as Italy’s foreign possessions, including Albania. Albania aggressively protected its Jewish population while under Nazi control. It was then conquered by the advancing Soviets in 1944.
After WWII: Albania becomes a communist government under the Soviet sphere of influence.
WWII Affiliation: Conquered and occupied by Italy in 1939. Liberated with help of Allies in 1944.
Casualties:
Total Deaths: 28,200 (Rank = 19 / 27)
Total Deaths % of Pop.: 2.6% (Rank = 12 / 27)
Military Deaths: 28,000 (Rank = 11 / 21)
Military Deaths % of Pop.: 2.6% (Rank = 5 / 21)
Civilian Deaths: 200 (Rank = 24 / 27)
Civilian Deaths % of Pop.: 0% (Rank = 24 / 27)
Jewish Holocaust Deaths: 10 (Rank = 20 / 21)
Jewish Holocaust Deaths % of Jewish Pop.: 5% (19 / 21)


(Continued Below)

Austria
Before WWII: After turbulent and discouraging interwar period (coming off defeat in WWI), Austrians vote 99% in favor of being united with Germany, resulting in the Nazi annexation in 1938, a blatant violation of the post-WWI treaty.
During WWII: Austrians participated in WWII alongside the Germans.
After WWII: “Liberated” by Allies in 1945. When it was clear that the Allies would capture Germany, and that the Axis Powers would be defeated, prominent Austrians declare Austrian independence from Germany. As a result, Austria is treated less harshly than Germany, being occupied by the Allies for only 10 years after the conclusion of the war.
WWII Affiliation: Annexed by Germany (Axis) in 1939. Conquered by Soviet Union (Allies) in 1944.
Casualties:
Total Deaths: 105,500 (Rank = 15 / 27)
Total Deaths % of Pop.: 1.6% (Rank = 15 / 27)
Military Deaths: 0 (Rank = 21 / 21)
Military Deaths % of Pop.: 0% (Rank = 21 / 21)
Civilian Deaths: 105,500 (Rank = 14 / 27)
Civilian Deaths % of Pop.: 1.6% (Rank = 13 / 27)
Jewish Holocaust Deaths: 65,000 (Rank = 13 / 21)
Jewish Holocaust Deaths % of Jewish Pop.: 26% (16 / 21)


Belarus
Before WWII: A Soviet Socialist Republic.
During WWII: Nazi army conquers Belarus SSR as part of its Soviet invasion of 1941. Regained by the USSR in 1944, after the Red Army forces the Nazis to retreat back toward Germany.
After WWII: Re-established as a Soviet Socialist Republic.
WWII Affiliation: Joined Axis Powers in 1941 After government overthrown by communist regime in 1944, joined Allies.
Casualties:
Total Deaths: 25,000 (Rank = 20 / 27)
Total Deaths % of Pop.: 0.4% (Rank = 21 / 27)
Military Deaths: 22,000 (Rank = 13 / 21)
Military Deaths % of Pop.: 0.3% (Rank = 12 / 21)
Civilian Deaths: 3,000 (Rank = 19 / 27)
Civilian Deaths % of Pop.: 0% (Rank = 22 / 27)
Jewish Holocaust Deaths: 0 (Rank = 21 / 21)
Jewish Holocaust Deaths % of Jewish Pop.: 0% (21 / 21)

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Belgium
Invaded by Nazis in 1940 to provide base of operations for its invasion of France. Liberated by the Allies as they closed in on Germany in 1944/45.
Affiliation: Neutral until conquered by Nazi Germany in 1940. Liberated by Allies in 1944.
Casualties:
Total Deaths: 86,100 (Rank = 17 / 27)
Total Deaths % of Pop.: 1% (Rank = 17 / 27)
Military Deaths: 12,100 (Rank = 16 / 21)
Military Deaths % of Pop.: 0.1% (Rank = 16 / 21)
Civilian Deaths: 74,000 (Rank = 15 / 27)
Civilian Deaths % of Pop.: 0.9% (Rank = 14 / 27)
Jewish Holocaust Deaths: 24,400 (Rank = 14 / 21)
Jewish Holocaust Deaths % of Jewish Pop.: 40.7% (11 / 21)


Bulgaria
During WWII: Declared neutrality, but was forced to join Axis Powers by Nazis in 1941, who demanded use of Bulgarian lands to launch invasion of Greece. Participated in Axis invasion of Yugoslavia, gaining Macedonia as a result. Conquered and occupied by invading Soviets in 1944.
After WWII: Under USSR influence, establishes a Communist government, closely tied to the Soviet Union.


Czechoslovakia
Before WWII: Invaded & occupied by Nazi-Germany in 1939 before the start of the war. Southern portion given to Hungary as a reward for joining the Axis Powers.
During WWII: Remained under Nazi occupation until 1944, when liberated by the Soviets.
After WWII: Came under Soviet influence, which ensured a post-war communist government.
WWII Affiliation: Conquered by Germany (Axis) in 1939. Conquered by Soviet Union (Allies) in 1944.
Casualties:
Total Deaths: 345,000 (Rank = 11 / 27)
Total Deaths % of Pop.: 2.3% (Rank = 14 / 27)
Military Deaths: 25,000 (Rank = 12 / 21)
Military Deaths % of Pop.: 0.2% (Rank = 15 / 21)
Civilian Deaths: 320,000 (Rank = 8 / 27)
Civilian Deaths % of Pop.: 2.1% (Rank = 12 / 27)
Jewish Holocaust Deaths: 277,000 (Rank = 4 / 21)
Jewish Holocaust Deaths % of Jewish Pop.: 77.6% (5 / 21)


Denmark
Invaded by Nazis in 1940 to prevent the UK and/or France from doing the same, in a race to gain control over Danish resources, and perhaps most importantly, to serve as a launching point for an invasion of strategically-critical Norway. Occupied until 1945 when Nazis surrendered. Once occupied by Nazis, Denmark is no longer able to administer to Iceland, which consequently becomes independent.
WWII Affiliation: Neutral. Invaded and occupied by Nazi Germany in 1940 (Axis Powers). Germany forced to withdraw in 1945.
Casualties:
Total Deaths: 3,200 (Rank = 23 / 27)
Total Deaths % of Pop.: 0.1% (Rank = 23 / 27)
Military Deaths: 2,100 (Rank = 19 / 21)
Military Deaths % of Pop.: 0% (Rank = 18 / 21)
Civilian Deaths: 1,100 (Rank = 23 / 27)
Civilian Deaths % of Pop.: 0% (Rank = 21 / 27)
Jewish Holocaust Deaths: 100 (Rank = 19 / 21)
Jewish Holocaust Deaths % of Jewish Pop.: 1.7% (20 / 21)

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Estonia
Before WWII: Gained independence after WWI, but struggled as an independent nation during interwar era.
During WWII: USSR invades and occupies Estonia in 1939/40. Remains under Soviet control until Germany decides to invade the USSR in 1941, capturing Estonia that same year. Nazi occupation ends in 1944, when the USSR reverses the Nazi advance, pursuing the Nazi army west, back toward Germany.
After WWII: The USSR retains possession of Estonia, establishing direct rule after the war.
WWII Affiliation: Neutral. Conquered and occupied by USSR in 1940. Conquered and occupied by Nazis (Axis) in 1941. Reconquered by USSR in 1944 (Allies).
Casualties:
Total Deaths: 49,000 (Rank = 18 / 27)
Total Deaths % of Pop.: 4.3% (Rank = 9 / 27)
Military Deaths: 0 (Rank = 21 / 21)
Military Deaths % of Pop.: 0% (Rank = 21 / 21)
Civilian Deaths: 49,000 (Rank = 17 / 27)
Civilian Deaths % of Pop.: 4.3% (Rank = 5 / 27)
Jewish Holocaust Deaths: 1,000 (Rank = 16 / 21)
Jewish Holocaust Deaths % of Jewish Pop.: 20% (17 / 21)


Finland
Forced into the Winter War with the USSR, which invades Finland as part of a non-aggression pact with Nazis, where they secretly divided Eastern & Central Europe between themselves. Finland succeeds in defending itself against the USSR, but loses a small portion of territory to the Soviets. Joined Nazi Germany as part of the Axis Powers in 1941 because of a common enemy in the USSR. Remained a democratic and independent despite Nazi attempts to assume control. Kept its Jewish population safe from Nazi persecution.
WWII Affiliation: Neutral. Invaded by USSR in 1939. Joined Axis Powers in 1941, aiding Nazi forces in invasion of USSR. Signed peace treaty with USSR in 1944.
Casualties:
Total Deaths: 97,000 (Rank = 16 / 27)
Total Deaths % of Pop.: 2.6% (Rank = 13 / 27)
Military Deaths: 95,000 (Rank = 10 / 21)
Military Deaths % of Pop.: 2.6% (Rank = 4 / 21)
Civilian Deaths: 2,000 (Rank = 21 / 27)
Civilian Deaths % of Pop.: 0.1% (Rank = 20 / 27)
Jewish Holocaust Deaths: 0 (Rank = 21 / 21)
Jewish Holocaust Deaths % of Jewish Pop.: 0% (21 / 21)


France
Before WWII: Leading European power next to the UK. After being devastated during WWI (despite being on victors' side) and the Global Depression, France was not in a position to oppose Germany during the 1930s, as it began to assert itself once again, in violation of WWI peace treaty terms.
During WWII: Along with UK, declares war on Germany in 1939, upon Nazi invasion of Poland. Invaded by Germany in 1940, ending the Third Republic with the beginning of the Nazi occupation of France. The wartime Vichy government took control in Southern France, which fully cooperated with the Nazis, including carrying out anti-semitism policies (such as extermination camps). Free French Forces in North Africa would join Allies in 1942, the same year the Nazis occupied all of France. The Free French Forces would help the Allied forces to liberate France, evicting the Nazis from France in 1944. France would lose Vietnam to Japan, but would restore control at the end of the war. France was forced to grant independence to Syria and Lebanon before the war ended.
After WWII: France was irreversibly weakened, economically, militarily and psychologically. With increasing anti-colonial sentiment within France and throughout the world, colonies began to demand independence. Unlike the United Kingdom, France was resistant to granting independence to colonies, and fought to maintain its empire, resulting in long, violent conflicts, such as the war with Algeria. In the end, all French colonies would attain independence.
WWII Affiliation: Originally on side of Allies. Falls under Axis Powers when conquered by Germany in 1940. Rejoins Allies when liberated in 1944.
Casualties:
Total Deaths: 567,600 (Rank = 7 / 27)
Total Deaths % of Pop.: 1.4% (Rank = 16 / 27)
Military Deaths: 217,600 (Rank = 9 / 21)
Military Deaths % of Pop.: 0.5% (Rank = 10 / 21)
Civilian Deaths: 350,000 (Rank = 7 / 27)
Civilian Deaths % of Pop.: 0.8% (Rank = 15 / 27)
Jewish Holocaust Deaths: 83,000 (Rank = 9 / 20)
Jewish Holocaust Deaths % of Jewish Pop.: 36.9% (13 / 20)

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Germany
Before WWII: Suffers the effects of its defeat in WWI during the 1920s and early 30s. The subsequent economic collapse and depressed national morale enabled the fanatical Nazi party to rise to power. The Nazi party turns Germany around during the 1930s, providing the political currency necessary to expand its power throughout Central Europe. Nazi Germany annexed Austria in 1938 (with approval of Austrian voters), then invaded Czechoslovakia and Poland in 1939, occupying both.
During WWII: Nazi Germany’s invasion of Poland represents the line in the sand for the Allied powers, provoking declarations of war from the UK and France. In 1940, Germany invades Denmark, Norway (to protect neutrality against Allies, capitalize on their resources, sea access for U-boat attacks). They also invade Netherlands, Belgium and Luxembourg for staging grounds needed for the pending invasion of France. Germany then proceeds to invade France in 1940 as well, controlling the entire nation (the north by direct occupation, and the south via a puppet regime). Unsuccessfully invaded Britain in 1940. Began exterminating Jews and other “undesirables” en masse in 1940. In 1941, Germany invades Yugoslavia, Bulgaria and Greece, occupying each. Hitler then decides to launch an invasion against the Soviet Union in 1941, conquering most of Eastern Europe, including a large chunk of Western Russia. Compromised and thinly-spread supply lines would prove to be the downfall of Nazi army, as the Soviets would chase the German army all the way back to Germany by 1944/45. The Western Allies would enter Germany from the west in 1945, bringing the Nazi era to an abrupt end as Allies closed in on Berlin.
After WWII: Germany was utterly devastated. Allied fighter jets carpet bombed cities, killing many, including civilians. Many were forced to fight to defend nation, leading to high loss of life. The nation was financially destroyed, due to the Nazi's desperate spending to feed the war machine, even down to the final days. Its captors partitioned the nation, tightly controlling all aspects of life in Germany, while also implementing punitive sanctions. The nation was also disgraced due to the atrocities carried out, especially the Holocaust. Germany and its citizens basically had to start over from less than nothing. Germany would not be unified again until 1990.
WWII Affiliation: Axis Powers
Casualties:
Total Deaths: 7,393,000 (Rank = 2 / 27)
Total Deaths % of Pop.: 10.6% (Rank = 5 / 27)
Military Deaths: 5,533,000 (Rank = 2 / 21)
Military Deaths % of Pop.: 7.9% (Rank = 1 / 21)
Civilian Deaths: 1,860,000 (Rank = 3 / 27)
Civilian Deaths % of Pop.: 2.7% (Rank = 10 / 27)
Jewish Holocaust Deaths: 160,000 (Rank = 6 / 21)
Jewish Holocaust Deaths % of Jewish Pop.: 28.3% (15 / 21)


Greece
During WWII: Defends itself against Italian invasion in 1940. This compels Nazi Germany to join the effort to conquer Greece in 1941. Upon conquering Greece, Germany partitions it amongst itself, Italy and Bulgaria, retaining the most valuable regions for itself. Greece is liberated by the Allies in 1944.
After WWII: In post-war Greece, two competing factions engage in the struggle for control of Greece, initiating the Greek Civil War between the pro-communist and pro-democracy movements. The pro-democracy faction achieved victory in 1949, turning Greece into a west-leaning nation, resistant of Soviet influence.
WWII Affiliation: Joined Allies in 1940 when invaded by Italy. Conquered by Axis Powers in 1941. Liberated with help of Allies in 1944.
Casualties:
Total Deaths: 311,300 (Rank = 12 / 27)
Total Deaths % of Pop.: 4.3% (Rank = 8 / 27)
Military Deaths: 20,000 (Rank = 15 / 21)
Military Deaths % of Pop.: 0.3% (Rank = 13 / 21)
Civilian Deaths: 291,300 (Rank = 9 / 27)
Civilian Deaths % of Pop.: 4% (Rank = 6 / 27)
Jewish Holocaust Deaths: 71,300 (Rank = 11 / 21)
Jewish Holocaust Deaths % of Jewish Pop.: 71.3% (6 / 21)


(Continued Below)

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Hungary
Before WWII: Was awarded the southern portion of Nazi-conquered Czechoslovakia by Germany, as incentive for joining the Axis Powers.
During WWII: Cooperated with Nazi Germany. Gained northern portion of Serbia when the Axis Powers conquered Yugoslavia. Fell under Soviet occupation in 1944, when the Red Army advanced westward toward Germany.
After WWII: The USSR helped to install a communist government. Hungary was forced to return gains from Czechoslovakia and Serbia.
WWII Affiliation: Joined Axis Powers in 1940. Occupied by Germany in 1944 when it wanted to sign peace treaty with Allies. Conquered by Soviets later in 1944.
Casualties:
Total Deaths: 580,000 (Rank = 6 / 27)
Total Deaths % of Pop.: 6.4% (Rank = 7 / 27)
Military Deaths: 300,000 (Rank = 6 / 21)
Military Deaths % of Pop.: 3.3% (Rank = 3 / 21)
Civilian Deaths: 280,000 (Rank = 11 / 27)
Civilian Deaths % of Pop.: 3.1% (Rank = 9 / 27)
Jewish Holocaust Deaths: 200,000 (Rank = 5 / 21)
Jewish Holocaust Deaths % of Jewish Pop.: 44.9% (10 / 21)


Ireland
Remained neutral, avoiding devastation of war. But thousands of Irish volunteered to fight in British Army, and supported Allied effort.
WWII Affiliation: Neutral
Casualties:
Total Deaths: 200 (Rank = 26 / 27)
Total Deaths % of Pop.: 0% (Rank = 26 / 27)
Military Deaths: 0 (Rank = 21 / 21)
Military Deaths % of Pop.: 0% (Rank = 21 / 21)
Civilian Deaths: 200 (Rank = 25 / 27)
Civilian Deaths % of Pop.: 0. (Rank = 25 / 27)
Jewish Holocaust Deaths: 0 (Rank = 21 / 21)
Jewish Holocaust Deaths % of Jewish Pop.: 0 (21 / 21)


Italy
Before WWII: Italy was disappointed with the meager territorial gains ceded by its fellow Allies as a victor in WWI. Economic and political struggles after WWI led to intense nationalism, paving the way for Mussolini’s fascist party, which becomes friendly with Nazi Germany, as they share similar views and geopolitical objectives. Invaded Albania in 1939 to help to achieve its own expansionist ambitions, encouraged by Germany’s aggressiveness.
During WWII: Italy enters into Axis Powers alliance with Germany & Japan in 1940, joining the war started by Germany in 1939. Proceeds to attack UK and French possessions in Somaliland (East Africa, Horn of Africa), successfully capturing enemy territories. Also conquers territories in the Balkans, across the Adriatic Sea, including coastal lands of Yugoslavia and Greece. Allies eventually turn the tables, forcing Italy to surrender East African territories in 1942, and North African territories by 1943. This sets the stage for an Allied invasion of the Italian homeland in 1943, leading to the Allied conquest of Southern Italy within the year, and most of Italy by the end of 1944. This forces Italy to surrender, to arrest and imprison Mussolini, and switch to the Allied side for the remainder of the war.
After WWII: At the conclusion of the war, communism gains in popularity, as Italy's experience with democracy/capitalism in post-WWI years was unpleasant. The U.S. conducts a massive PR campaign to prevent the communist party from taking power in Italy, helping to tilt Italy toward the democratic side. Consequently, a democratic republic is established in 1948 after a popular election, bringing Italy under influence of the West rather than the USSR.
WWII Affiliation: Joined Axis Powers in 1940. When conquered by Allies in 1943, switched to the Allied Powers.
Casualties:
Total Deaths: 454,500 (Rank = 8 / 27)
Total Deaths % of Pop.: 1% (Rank = 18 / 27)
Military Deaths: 301,400 (Rank = 5 / 21)
Military Deaths % of Pop.: 0.7% (Rank = 9 / 21)
Civilian Deaths: 153,000 (Rank = 13 / 27)
Civilian Deaths % of Pop.: 0.3% (Rank = 17 / 27)
Jewish Holocaust Deaths: 8,000 (Rank = 15 / 21)
Jewish Holocaust Deaths % of Jewish Pop.: 16.7% (18 / 21)


Latvia
Before WWII: Gained independence after WWI, but struggled as an independent nation during interwar era.
During WWII: USSR invades and occupies Latvia in 1939/40. Remains under Soviet control until Germany decides to invade the USSR in 1941, capturing Latvia that same year. Nazi occupation ends in 1944, when the USSR reverses the Nazi advance, pursuing the Nazi army west, back toward Germany.
After WWII: The USSR retains possession of Latvia, establishing direct rule after the war.
WWII Affiliation: Neutral. Conquered and occupied by USSR in 1940. Conquered and occupied by Nazis (Axis) in 1941. Reconquered by USSR in 1944 (Allies).
Casualties:
Total Deaths: 227,000 (Rank = 14 / 27)
Total Deaths % of Pop.: 11.4% (Rank = 4 / 27)
Military Deaths: 0 (Rank = 21 / 21)
Military Deaths % of Pop.: 0% (Rank = 21 / 21)
Civilian Deaths: 227,000 (Rank = 12 / 27)
Civilian Deaths % of Pop.: 11.4% (Rank = 3 / 27)
Jewish Holocaust Deaths: 80,000 (Rank = 10 / 21)
Jewish Holocaust Deaths % of Jewish Pop.: 84.2% (4 / 21)


Lithuania
Before WWII: Gained independence after WWI, but struggled as an independent nation during interwar era.
During WWII: USSR invades and occupies Lithuania in 1939/40. Remains under Soviet control until Germany decides to invade the USSR in 1941, capturing Lithuania that same year. Nazi occupation ends in 1944, when the USSR reverses the Nazi advance, pursuing the Nazi army west, back toward Germany.
After WWII: The USSR retains possession of Lithuania, establishing direct rule after the war.
WWII Affiliation: Neutral. Conquered and occupied by USSR in 1940. Conquered and occupied by Nazis (Axis) in 1941. Reconquered by USSR in 1944 (Allies).
Casualties:
Total Deaths: 353,000 (Rank = 10 / 27)
Total Deaths % of Pop.: 13.7% (Rank = 3 / 27)
Military Deaths: 0 (Rank = 21 / 21)
Military Deaths % of Pop.: 0% (Rank = 21 / 21)
Civilian Deaths: 353,000 (Rank = 6 / 27)
Civilian Deaths % of Pop.: 13.7% (Rank = 2 / 27)
Jewish Holocaust Deaths: 141,000 (Rank = 7 / 21)
Jewish Holocaust Deaths % of Jewish Pop.: 91% (3 / 21)


Luxembourg
Invaded by Nazis in 1940 to provide base of operations for its invasion of France. Liberated by the Allies as they closed in on Germany in 1944/45.
WWII Affiliation: Neutral until conquered by Nazi Germany in 1940. Liberated by Allies in 1944.
Casualties:
Total Deaths: 2,000 (Rank = 25 / 27)
Total Deaths % of Pop.: 0.7% (Rank = 20 / 27)
Military Deaths: 0 (Rank = 21 / 21)
Military Deaths % of Pop.: 0% (Rank = 21 / 21)
Civilian Deaths: 2,000 (Rank = 20 / 27)
Civilian Deaths % of Pop.: 0.7% (Rank = 16 / 27)
Jewish Holocaust Deaths: 700 (Rank = 15 / 21)
Jewish Holocaust Deaths % of Jewish Pop.: 31.8% (14 / 21)


Moldova
Before WWII: Part of Romania since the end of WWI, as it has largely been historically.
During WWII: Before the USSR joined the Allies, it was in expansionist mode, attempting to regain territories lost during WWI. The USSR demanded that Romania cede the region of Bessarabia in 1940. Romania could not stand up to the USSR, and had little choice but to concede. When the Soviets moved into Bessarabia, they placed troops even deeper into Romania, in an area roughly equaled to modern Moldova.
After WWII: The Soviets insisted that they retain all the lands claimed from Romania in the post-war aftermath. Their fellow Allies did not have the will to oppose this, and conceded. As a result, Moldova became a Soviet Socialist Republic under direct Soviet rule.


Netherlands
Invaded by Nazis in 1940 to provide base of operations for invasion of France. The southern half was liberated in 1944 by the Allies as they advanced east into Germany. The northern portion was occupied until the Nazi surrender in 1945. Dutch armies helped to protect Indonesia (Portuguese) from Japan, but Indonesia is lost to Japanese by 1945, and would become independent after the war.
WWII Affiliation: Neutral until conquered by Nazi Germany in 1940. Liberated by Allies in 1944.
Casualties:
Total Deaths: 301,000 (Rank = 13 / 27)
Total Deaths % of Pop.: 3.4% (Rank = 11 / 27)
Military Deaths: 21,000 (Rank = 14 / 21)
Military Deaths % of Pop.: 0.2% (Rank = 14 / 21)
Civilian Deaths: 280,000 (Rank = 10 / 27)
Civilian Deaths % of Pop.: 3.2% (Rank = 8 / 27)
Jewish Holocaust Deaths: 104,000 (Rank = 8 / 21)
Jewish Holocaust Deaths % of Jewish Pop.: 65% (7 / 21)


Norway
Invaded by Nazis in 1940 to prevent the UK and/or France from doing the same, in a race to gain control over Norway’s vast resources. Served as a base for the Nazis to launch naval warfare in the Atlantic. Occupied until 1945 when Nazis surrendered.
WWII Affiliation: Neutral. Invaded and occupied by Nazi Germany in 1940 (Axis Powers). Germany forced to withdraw in 1945.
Casualties:
Total Deaths: 9,500 (Rank = 21 / 27)
Total Deaths % of Pop.: 0.3% (Rank = 22 / 27)
Military Deaths: 3,000 (Rank = 18 / 21)
Military Deaths % of Pop.: 0.1% (Rank = 17 / 21)
Civilian Deaths: 6,500 (Rank = 18 / 27)
Civilian Deaths % of Pop.: 0.2% (Rank = 18 / 27)
Jewish Holocaust Deaths: 700 (Rank = 18 / 21)
Jewish Holocaust Deaths % of Jewish Pop.: 46.7% (9 / 21)


Poland
Before WWII: Beset by economic and political turbulence during interwar years, leaving it vulnerable to future German and Soviet expansionist ambitions.
During WWII: In 1939, invaded by Nazi Germany from the west, and the Soviet Union from the east. Despite resistance, was quickly conquered and occupied. West and Central Poland would fall to the Nazis, and Eastern Poland to the Soviets. Poland would serve as a battleground throughout the war, utterly devastating the nation. In addition, millions of Poles (including about 3 million Polish Jews) were exterminated by the Nazi regime. Conquered by Russia in 1944, as Red Army pursued the Nazi army back to Germany.
After WWII: The Soviets rigged the post-war election to ensure the installation of a communist government. Poland would remain under Soviet control/influence until the collapse of the USSR in 1990.
WWII Affiliation: Conquered by Germany (Axis) in 1939. Conquered by Soviet Union (Allies) in 1944.
Casualties:
Total Deaths: 5,600,000 (Rank = 3 / 27)
Total Deaths % of Pop.: 16.1% (Rank = 1 / 27)
Military Deaths: 240,000 (Rank = 8 / 21)
Military Deaths % of Pop.: 0.7% (Rank = 8 / 21)
Civilian Deaths: 5,360,000 (Rank = 2 / 27)
Civilian Deaths % of Pop.: 15.4% (Rank = 1 / 27)
Jewish Holocaust Deaths: 3,000,000 (Rank = 1 / 21)
Jewish Holocaust Deaths % of Jewish Pop.: 100% (1 / 21)


Portugal
Neutral, but provided Allies war bases in 1943.
WWII Affiliation: Neutral, but provided Allies war bases in 1943.


Romania
During WWII: While in re-expansionist mode, the USSR demands Romania to return Bessarabia in 1940. When it moves in to take possession of it, the Soviets take back more than just Bessarabia, forming a region comprising modern Moldova. As a result, Romania would join the Axis Powers against the USSR in hopes of regaining Moldova. Upon pursuing the Nazi army back toward Germany, the USSR conquered all of Romania in 1944.
After WWII: Romania would be set up as a communist government under the influence of the USSR.
WWII Affiliation: Joined Axis Powers in 1940. After invaded by Soviets in 1944, joined the Allies.
Casualties:
Total Deaths: 833,000 (Rank = 5 / 27)
Total Deaths % of Pop.: 4.2% (Rank = 10 / 27)
Military Deaths: 300,000 (Rank = 7 / 21)
Military Deaths % of Pop.: 1.5% (Rank = 6 / 21)
Civilian Deaths: 533,000 (Rank = 5 / 27)
Civilian Deaths % of Pop.: 2.7% (Rank = 11 / 27)
Jewish Holocaust Deaths: 469,000 (Rank = 3 / 21)
Jewish Holocaust Deaths % of Jewish Pop.: 47.9% (8 / 21)


Spain
Attempted to negotiate territorial gains with Hitler in exchange for joining the Axis Powers, but was denied. Cooperated with Nazis until war swayed in favor of Allies, then became neutral, although not helpful to Allies. However, Spain did protect its Jewish population, and also offered asylum to Jews inside Nazi-occupied France. As punishment for its cooperation with Nazi Germany, embargoes were levied against Spain until 1953, damaging its economy during this time, and leaving it diplomatically isolated.
WWII Affiliation: Contributed troops to Nazis in Russian invasion, until declaring neutrality in 1944.
Casualties:
Total Deaths: 4,500 (Rank = 22 / 27)
Total Deaths % of Pop.: 0% (Rank = 25 / 27)
Military Deaths: 4,500 (Rank = 17 / 21)
Military Deaths % of Pop.: 0% (Rank = 19 / 21)
Civilian Deaths: 0 (Rank = 27 / 27)
Civilian Deaths % of Pop.: 0. (Rank = 25 / 27)
Jewish Holocaust Deaths: 0 (Rank = 21 / 21)
Jewish Holocaust Deaths % of Jewish Pop.: 0 (21 / 21)

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Sweden
Remained neutral, but provided assistance to both sides. Allowed Nazis to transport troops through Sweden into Finland, in exchange for recognition of neutrality (avoiding invasion/occupation). Also sold iron-ore to Germany, needed to supply its war effort. When Germany began to weaken in 1943, Sweden was emboldened to offer more assistance to the Allies. Even before this, Sweden ceded its navy to the Allies to combat the Germans at sea. Sweden’s failure to come to the aid of other Nordic counties has been seen as cowardly by some, but Sweden maintains that its first objective was to ensure the safety of its people. Aggressively opposing Germany would certainly have invited Nazi occupation.
WWII Affiliation: Neutral.
Casualties:
Total Deaths: 2,200 (Rank = 24 / 27)
Total Deaths % of Pop.: 0% (Rank = 24 / 27)
Military Deaths: 200 (Rank = 20 / 21)
Military Deaths % of Pop.: 0% (Rank = 20 / 21)
Civilian Deaths: 2,000 (Rank = 22 / 27)
Civilian Deaths % of Pop.: 0% (Rank = 23 / 27)
Jewish Holocaust Deaths: 0 (Rank = 21 / 21)
Jewish Holocaust Deaths % of Jewish Pop.: 0% (21 / 21)


Switzerland
Remains neutral, although Nazi invasion of Switzerland was planned, but never carried out. By 1940, surrounded by Axis Powers to all sides (due to Nazi conquests), and forced to do business with Nazis as a result. As a small nation with limited natural resources, Switzerland depends on trade with its neighbors to keep its economy afloat, and to procure essential goods.
WWII Affiliation: Neutral
Casualties:
Total Deaths: 100 (Rank = 27 / 27)
Total Deaths % of Pop.: 0% (Rank = 27 / 27)
Military Deaths: 0 (Rank = 21 / 21)
Military Deaths % of Pop.: 0% (Rank = 21 / 21)
Civilian Deaths: 100 (Rank = 26 / 27)
Civilian Deaths % of Pop.: 0% (Rank = 26 / 27)
Jewish Holocaust Deaths: 0 (Rank = 21 / 21)
Jewish Holocaust Deaths % of Jewish Pop.: 0% (21 / 21)


Turkey
Remained neutral during war.


Ukraine
Before WWII: A Soviet Socialist Republic.
During WWII: Nazi army conquers Ukraine SSR as part of its Soviet invasion of 1941. Regained by the USSR in 1944, after the Red Army forces the Nazis to retreat back toward Germany.
After WWII: Re-established as a Soviet Socialist Republic.


United Kingdom
Before WWII: Remains the leading European power, despite taking lumps as a victor in WWI, and the interwar Global Depression. As a result, hesitant to oppose Germany as it became belligerent during the 1930s.
During WWII: Declares war on Germany in 1939, after its invasion of Poland. Most powerful navy of the European powers, but the British army was ill-prepared. Contributed troops to France, Norway, Middle East, Africa, India, Greece, invasion of Italy and the Pacific/Asian Theatre. Participated in the Invasion of Normandy and the Battle of the Bulge. Initially suffered difficulties against German U-boat strikes, but with help of U.S., gained superiority over Germany in the Atlantic and the Northern Sea. Along with the U.S. and Russia, played most important role in liberating France and defeating the Axis Powers.
After WWII: Part of the big 3 powers that decided the fate of post-war Europe. Like all other European nations, suffered a high loss of life, and economic damaged. Less capable of maintaining massive empire, as colonies begin to declare independence one after another over the next 20 years, largely due to WWII, which severely weakened UK, and further increased the sense of nationhood of colonies, many of which contributed to the war effort. With global anti-colonial sentiment (especially by the US), and a decreasing will to shed blood and to expend the high monetary cost to necessary to maintain overseas empire, the UK grants independence to most colonies without threat of military action. By early 1960s, it had lost most of its empire.
WWII Affiliation: Allies
Casualties:
Total Deaths: 449,800 (Rank = 9 / 27)
Total Deaths % of Pop.: 0.9% (Rank = 19 / 27)
Military Deaths: 382,700 (Rank = 4 / 21)
Military Deaths % of Pop.: 0.8% (Rank = 7 / 21)
Civilian Deaths: 67,100 (Rank = 16 / 27)
Civilian Deaths % of Pop.: 0.1% (Rank = 19 / 27)
Jewish Holocaust Deaths: 0 (Rank = 21 / 21)
Jewish Holocaust Deaths % of Jewish Pop.: 0 (21 / 21)


USSR (Soviet Union)
Before WWII: The Soviet Union signs non-aggression pact with the Nazis where they essentially divide Eastern Europe between themselves.
During WWII: The USSR invades Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Eastern Poland. Finland resists, but others fall under Soviet control. The USSR loses most of these territories to the Nazis in 1941, as Nazis decide to take advantage of what they perceive to be a weakened USSR. After marching all the way to Moscow, the Red Army turns the tables, with the help of the harsh winter conditions and scorched earth tactics. The USSR retakes lost territories by 1944, also gaining all of Poland, Hungary, Czechoslovakia, and Balkan territories. Successfully launches invasion into Germany from east, helping to force Nazi surrender. Due to key role in defeat of Nazis, gains great power & influence in Europe, giving it role in deciding post-war map of Europe.
After WWII: Most of Eastern Europe was devastated and destabilized from WWII. The USSR takes advantage, setting up communist governments in Poland, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Yugoslavia, Romania and Bulgaria. The Baltic nations of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania are simply added directly to the Soviet Union. The USSR also keeps the northern part of East Prussia (formerly part of Germany), naming it Kaliningrad Oblast, to give it a badly needed warm-water port in the Baltic Sea. With this gain in territory, the USSR becomes a leading world power, along with the U.S., as it is strengthened while other European powers are weakened.
WWII Affiliation: Began war neutral, but in cooperation with Nazi Germany with an agreement to divide Eastern Europe between themselves. Joined Allies after invaded by Nazi Germany.
Casualties:
Total Deaths: 23,100,000 (Rank = 1 / 27)
Total Deaths % of Pop.: 13.7% (Rank = 2 / 27)
Military Deaths: 10,700,000 (Rank = 1 / 21)
Military Deaths % of Pop.: 6.4% (Rank = 2 / 21)
Civilian Deaths: 12,400,000 (Rank = 1 / 27)
Civilian Deaths % of Pop.: 7.4% (Rank = 4 / 27)
Jewish Holocaust Deaths: 1,000,000 (Rank = 2 / 21)
Jewish Holocaust Deaths % of Jewish Pop.: 39.6% (12 / 21)


Yugoslavia
Before WWII: South Slav peoples/nations consolidated into the single pan-Slavic nation of Yugoslavia.
During WWII: Invaded and occupied by Nazis in 1941. Bulgarians and Italians corroborate with the Nazis, each taking possession of a section of Yugoslavia (Bulgaria the SE corner, and Italy the western slice), while the Nazis controlled the heart of Yugoslavia. Liberated by the advancing USSR Red Army in 1944.
After WWII: Under USSR pressure, a communist government is established under the Soviet sphere of influence. Yugoslavia would distance itself from the USSR soon after the end of the war, but would remain a communist-style republic.


Casualty Ranks By Country (European):


Total Deaths:
1. Soviet Union: 23,100,000
2. Germany: 7,393,000
3. Poland: 5,600,000
4. Yugoslavia: 1,027,000
5. Romania: 833,000
6. Hungary: 580,000
7. France: 567,000
8. Italy: 454,500
9. United Kingdom: 449,800
10. Lithuania: 353,000
11. Czechoslovakia: 345,000
12. Greece: 311,300
13. Netherlands: 301,000
14. Latvia: 227,000
15. Austria: 105,500
16. Finland: 97,000
17. Belgium: 86,100
18. Estonia: 49,000
19. Albania: 28,200
20. Bulgaria: 25,000
21. Norway: 9,500
22. Spain: 4,500
23. Denmark: 3,200
24. Sweden: 2,200
25. Luxembourg: 2,000
26. Ireland: 200
27. Switzerland: 100
Total Deaths as % of Population:
1. Poland: 16.1%
2. Soviet Union: 13.7%
3. Lithuania: 13.7%
4. Latvia: 11.4%
5. Germany: 10.6%
6. Yugoslavia: 6.7%
7. Hungary: 6.4%
8. Greece: 4.3%
9. Estonia: 4.3%
10. Romania: 4.2%
11. Netherlands: 3.4%
12. Albania: 2.6%
13. Finland: 2.6%
14. Czechoslovakia: 2.3%
15. Austria: 1.6%
16. France: 1.4%
17. Belgium: 1%
18. Italy: 1%
19. United Kingdom: 0.9%
20. Luxembourg: 0.7%
21. Bulgaria: 0.4%
22. Norway: 0.3%
23. Denmark: 0.1%
24. Sweden: 0%
25. Spain: 0%
26. Ireland: 0%
27. Switzerland: 0%
Total Military Deaths
1. Soviet Union: 10,700,000
2. Germany: 5,533,000
3. Yugoslavia: 446,000
4. United Kingdom: 382,700
5. Italy: 301,400
6. Hungary: 300,000
7. Romania: 300,000
8. Poland: 240,000
9. France: 217,600
10. Finland: 95,000
11. Albania: 28,000
12. Czechoslovakia: 25,000
13. Bulgaria: 22,000
14. Netherlands: 21,000
15. Greece: 20,000
16. Belgium: 12,100
17. Spain: 4,500
18. Norway: 3,000
19. Denmark: 2,100
20. Sweden: 200
21. Latvia: 0
21. Lithuania: 0
21. Luxembourg: 0
21. Austria: 0
21. Estonia: 0
21. Ireland: 0
21. Switzerland: 0
Military Deaths as % of Population:
1. Germany: 7.9%
2. Soviet Union: 6.4%
3. Hungary: 3.3%
4. Finland: 2.6%
5. Albania: 2.6%
6. Romania: 1.5%
7. United Kingdom: 0.8%
8. Poland: 0.7%
9. Italy: 0.7%
10. France: 0.5%
11. Yugoslavia: 0.3%
12. Bulgaria: 0.3%
13. Greece: 0.3%
14. Netherlands: 0.2%
15. Czechoslovakia: 0.2%
16. Belgium: 0.1%
17. Norway: 0.1%
18. Denmark: 0.0%
19. Spain: 0.0%
20. Sweden: 0.0%
21. Latvia: -
21. Lithuania: -
21. Luxembourg: -
21. Austria: -
21. Estonia: -
21. Ireland: -
21. Switzerland: -
Total Civilian Deaths:
1. Soviet Union: 12,400,000
2. Poland: 5,360,000
3. Germany: 1,860,000
4. Yugoslavia: 581,000
5. Romania: 533,000
6. Lithuania: 353,000
7. France: 350,000
8. Czechoslovakia: 320,000
9. Greece: 291,300
10. Netherlands: 280,000
11. Hungary: 280,000
12. Latvia: 227,000
13. Italy: 153,100
14. Austria: 105,500
15. Belgium: 74,000
16. United Kingdom: 67,100
17. Estonia: 49,000
18. Norway: 6,500
19. Bulgaria: 3,000
20. Luxembourg: 2,000
21. Finland: 2,000
22. Sweden: 2,000
23. Denmark: 1,100
24. Albania: 200
25. Ireland: 200
26. Switzerland: 100
27. Spain: 0
Civilian Deaths as % of Population:
1. Poland: 15.4%
2. Lithuania: 13.7%
3. Latvia: 11.4%
4. Soviet Union: 7.4%
5. Estonia: 4.3%
6. Greece: 4%
7. Yugoslavia: 3.8%
8. Netherlands: 3.2%
9. Hungary: 3.1%
10. Germany: 2.7%
11. Romania: 2.7%
12. Czechoslovakia: 2.1%
13. Austria: 1.6%
14. Belgium: 0.9%
15. France: 0.8%
16. Luxembourg: 0.7%
17. Italy: 0.3%
18. Norway: 0.2%
19. United Kingdom: 0.1%
20. Finland: 0.1%
21. Denmark: 0.0%
22. Bulgaria: 0.0%
23. Sweden: 0.0%
24. Albania: 0.0%
25. Ireland: 0.0%
26. Switzerland: 0.0%
27. Spain: 0.0%
Holocaust Deaths:
1. Poland: 3,000,000
2. Soviet Union: 1,000,000
3. Romania: 469,000
4. Czechoslovakia: 277,000
5. Hungary: 200,000
6. Germany: 160,000
7. Lithuania: 141,000
8. Netherlands: 104,000
9. France: 83,000
10. Latvia: 80,000
11. Greece: 71,300
12. Yugoslavia: 67,000
13. Austria: 65,000
14. Belgium: 24,400
15. Italy: 8,000
16. Estonia: 1,000
17. Luxembourg: 700
18. Norway: 700
19. Denmark: 100
20. Albania: 10
21. Finland: 0
21. Bulgaria: 0
21. Sweden: 0
21. Albania: 0
21. Ireland: 0
21. Switzerland: 0
21. Spain: 0
Jewish Holocaust Deaths as % of Jewish Population:
1. Poland: 100%
2. Yugoslavia: 95.7%
3. Lithuania: 91%
4. Latvia: 84.2%
5. Czechoslovakia: 77.6%
6. Greece: 71.3%
7. Netherlands: 65%
8. Romania: 47.9%
9. Norway: 46.7%
10. Hungary: 44.9%
11. Belgium: 40.7%
12. Soviet Union: 39.6%
13. France: 36.9%
14. Luxembourg: 31.8%
15. Germany: 28.3%
16. Austria: 26%
17. Estonia: 20%
18. Italy: 16.7%
19. Albania: 5%
20. Denmark: 1.7%
21. Finland: 0
21. Bulgaria: 0
21. Sweden: 0
21. Albania: 0
21. Ireland: 0
21. Switzerland: 0
21. Spain: 0

 

Casualties for Non-European Nations:

Nation Total Deaths Total Deaths as % of Pop. Military Deaths Civilian Deaths
Australia 41,200 0.6% 40,500 700
Burma 272,000 1.2% 22,000 250,000
Canada 45,300 0.4% 45,300 0
China 20,000,000 3.9% 3,800,000 16,200,000
Ethiopia 100,000 0.6% 5,000 95,000
India 1,587,000 0.4% 87,000 1,500,000
Indonesia 4,000,000 5.8% 0 4,000,000
Japan 2,700,000 3.8% 2,120,000 580,000
Korea 378,000 1.6% 0 378,000
Malaya 100,000 2.3% 0 100,000
Micronesia 57,000 3% 0 57,000
New Zealand 11,900 0.7% 11,900 0
Philippines 147,000 0.9% 57,000 90,000
Portuguese Timor 55,000 11% 0 55,000
Singapore 50,000 6.9% 0 50,000
South Africa 11,900 0.1% 11,900 10
Thailand 5,900 0% 5,600 300
United States 418,500 0.3% 416,800 1,700
Vietnam 1,000,000 4.1% 0 1,000,000

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Comments (62)

your article is clear and easy to read thank you
#1 - sam - 08/23/2012 - 07:16
Good overview. However, you state that "allied fighter jets carpet bomb cities" (Germany). The allies bombed German cities using B52's and Lancaster's (propeller type aircraft) during WW2.
#2 - Nolan - 08/26/2012 - 12:08
B52s are not propeller type aircraft
#3 - Killerkolt - 08/31/2012 - 09:30
The effects of WW2 is abstrunamacal

#4 - Dustin - 09/27/2012 - 11:51
You do not consider the deportation of some hundreds of Jews from Finland to Estonia while the latter country was occupied by Germany. So, even Finland had its minor part in realizing the holocaust. Then, some 10 000 Swedes fought USSR on the Finnish side during the Winter war and even the "Continuation war" (1941-44). How many Swedish soldiers were killed on the front, I do not know.
#5 - Nils Ferlin - 10/21/2012 - 09:53
The B52 Bombers used during WWII were very much propeller type aircraft, go look for them on google and make sure you\'re looking at the one from the right time period being discussed, Nolan.
#6 - Anonymous - 11/12/2012 - 19:05
The B-52 Bombers used during WW2 were very much propeller type aircraft, go look for them on any search engine and make sure you're looking at the one from the right time period being discussed, Nolan.
#7 - Anonymous - 11/12/2012 - 19:06
Where is the info about the effects on canada
#8 - Damian - 01/09/2013 - 10:03
awww crap dis website is full potato
#9 - bro - 01/10/2013 - 11:53
B-52 were developed after WW2 so there is no way they could've bombed germany during the war
#10 - blah - 01/23/2013 - 09:43
What a great article to know about effect of World War II on Each Country, as student I get help from this.
#11 - shakil - 01/27/2013 - 01:50
Thanks a million!!!
I'll tell this website to my teacher that THIS IS AWESOME!!!
#12 - Cathy - 02/07/2013 - 16:24
thx!!!!!!!!
#13 - lol - 02/09/2013 - 19:33
"After WWII: Germany was utterly devastated. Allied fighter jets carpet bombed cities"

you need to sort this out to:

During WWII: Allied bombers carpet bombed cities

otherwise a very interesting site
#14 - mick - 02/13/2013 - 08:34
The numbers for Belarus are incorrect (and therefore the other countries are suspect). They suffered c2,000,000 casualties, not 25,000, from a population of 9m - which is 25%, the most of any country. Their Jewish casualties numbered in the hundreds of thousands, not 0
#15 - Gavin - 04/04/2013 - 17:16
There was no such aircraft on WW2 as a B52. The contract for the aircraft began in June 1946 and was a turbo prop plan but it changed to a turbojet plane as theYB52. Its first flight was April 1952. It was never ever used in WW2.
#16 - DPJ - 05/16/2013 - 18:01
How reliable is this source....
#17 - Naseem - 06/11/2013 - 12:23
i kill u
#18 - Osama bin Laden - 08/18/2013 - 19:33
As for Belarus: Could you explain who "Joined Axis Powers in 1941"? Belarusian SSR was simply occupied by Germany. There was no local government to "join" anyone.

And what "government" was "overthrown by communist regime in 1944"? In 1944 there was only German administration.

And who "joined Allies"? The government of Belarusian SSR was never independent enough to "join" anyone. It was a part of the USSR.

It was interesting to learn that "Jewish Holocaust Deaths: 0", while only in Minsk Ghetto an least 100 000 Jews were murdered.

I just wonder, if people who wrote the article have any idia about East European history?
#19 - Eugene - 08/27/2013 - 16:07
The B-17 Flying Fortress and the B-29 Super Fortress were the bombers used in WWII...both prop driven aircraft. B-17 was used in the European Theatre for daylight bombing raids into Germany. B-29 used in Fire Bombing Raids in the Pacific Theatre against Japan. Also dropped the nukes on Hiroshima and Nagasaki. B-17, B-29, and B-52's all designed by Boeing and have very similar airframes.
#20 - Paul - 08/29/2013 - 19:53
loool
#21 - spokr - 09/11/2013 - 12:46
About time you figured out that we need to identify those who perished in the ex-USSR by country involved. Ukrainians for example , were the ones who had the most civilians killed. The front kept changing constantly, Russia used Ukrainians to shield their own. We are talking about more than 10 m civilians who died - equal to 20% of the population..... The numbers must be transparent to tell a true story.
#22 - Rita - 09/21/2013 - 12:37
yo tis long
#23 - Bob Butterfingers - 10/03/2013 - 12:21
you are something else
#24 - something else - 10/31/2013 - 12:48
this is bad
#25 - Wow - 11/01/2013 - 11:22
Who's the author and when did he procreate this article?
#26 - Arnold Schwartzinager - 11/04/2013 - 08:54
I don't know, look it up yourself nigger
#27 - Cracker - 11/04/2013 - 08:57
WOW SPAM MUCH??!!!
#28 - JDIDJI - 11/11/2013 - 05:58
Hey Doing a Annotated Biography and this was actually helpful. ps. ILY EMINEM!!!
#29 - Maham(; - 11/26/2013 - 09:25
huuuuuummmppppdaaaaayyy
#30 - hyuasazo x200 - 12/01/2013 - 16:50
EMINEM blows
#31 - josh - 12/06/2013 - 14:52
that josh kid is a dick
#32 - Tim - 12/13/2013 - 16:02
The estimate of 50,000 civilian casualties for Bulgaria of which 40,000 are Jews is incorrect. All 40,000 pre-war Bulgarian Jews survived the war.
#33 - suta - 12/30/2013 - 21:12
Thank you for this wonderful article. I\'ve heard, constantly, since childhood that 6,000,000 Jews died in WWII, but finding out how many Non-Jews died because of this awful war, takes research... as you\'ve done. Now, your article truly puts this horrific war into perspective. As I am now learning, this war, in part, came to being because of broken treaties by the victors of WWI. Many issues caused this war and many more issues became included in this war. The Jewish issue became included but was not the cause. It is true, Jews starved, but then, everyone else starved also, because the Allies cut off delivery routes trying to bring the war to a close. Some of the pictures, horrific pictures, piles of dead people... I\'d always been told were of Jews, I now find are pictures of non jews, regular civilians who\'d died of starvation and disease. All This information is only found after a lot of investigation. It\'s funny how most of the facts are not taught in school or found in supposedly historic programs on TV, but only come to light after personal investigation and study. The victors write history and so much of the truth is suppressed. It\'s hard to understand, hard to conceive the millions and millions of deaths caused by WWII. The horror of it all. Everyone knows how many Jews died, but in truth, Jewish deaths were just a fraction of the overall deaths from this horrific war. And no one ever even considers the Chinese or Soviet Civilian death toll. Personally, I feel such compassion, and so much sadness for Humanity, all of us, regardless of race or religion... because WWII brought so much suffering to us all. Every war does that, but WWII truly was, Hell on Earth. Thank you so much for your informative article. It\'s answered questions I\'ve wondered about since I was a child.
#34 - Marcy Carson - 01/24/2014 - 21:08
Hitler just wanted to play frisbee but then he accidently did WW II
#35 - Jesus Christ - 01/26/2014 - 20:31
hello
#36 - f u - 02/28/2014 - 14:44
I was there
#37 - Your mom - 03/05/2014 - 10:18
He retarded
#38 - Your dad - 03/05/2014 - 10:29
All hitler wanted was to make some pizza god dammit
#39 - Jerkin Gherkins - 03/05/2014 - 11:51
Jewish People all dies!!!!
#40 - Hitler - 03/05/2014 - 19:39
I understand the horror of WWII and what we\'re taught in school is only a little part of the whole thing. I think the allies went too high with the penalty with Germany. Even if they need to pay their own debt. People are always giving reason to fight.
#41 - @Marcy Carson - 03/05/2014 - 19:50
:(






#42 - nick - 03/18/2014 - 16:15
I narrated my own birth
#43 - Morgan Freeman - 03/22/2014 - 22:07
where is Asian countries or USA is this only euoropean countries?
#44 - jason - 03/26/2014 - 19:58
this website gave me a lot of information about what I needed to know. thx a lot!!
#45 - Belynda - 03/27/2014 - 01:19
thanks this was awesome #asia
#46 - #46 asia - 03/27/2014 - 15:31
little boys
#47 - michael jackson - 04/03/2014 - 08:31
i said glass of juice not gas the jews
#48 - adolf - 04/03/2014 - 08:32
im javon nd im 18 and the 11th grade my bday april 9th team redskins and miami have 2 sis 1 bro nd we all splitup im the oldest raised up by my grandmother nd uncle but color black nd like to go out places im a christan i go to church on wedensday nd sundays thats all bout me
#49 - javon henson - 04/04/2014 - 13:26

this is all bogus
#50 - edward fantuzzo - 04/07/2014 - 12:50
vvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvsdz
#51 - you stole my name - 04/07/2014 - 12:54
i was born in taco bell
#52 - gunny jones - 04/07/2014 - 12:55
Wheres Europe?
#53 - Those aren't all the country's - 04/17/2014 - 12:06
are these the countries involved in WW2?
#54 - charlie poopiekins - 04/21/2014 - 10:37
Yes there were involved in WWII look at the title.
#55 - Isaac - 04/27/2014 - 10:13
about as many people die as there are hairs on my balls.
#56 - Harry Balls - 05/02/2014 - 09:09
what happened to japan after the war?! i a doing a history project on the second world war and that information is vital for the projects completion!!
#57 - anonymous - 05/19/2014 - 01:30
Bananannananana :)
#58 - Ukublahblah gala gala. - 05/26/2014 - 19:51
you are all gayyyyyy
#59 - glegory the Anal Avenger - 05/27/2014 - 03:59
loved it but where's Japan???
#60 - AHHHH - 05/28/2014 - 07:04
I really need to know the author of this article
#61 - Deni - 06/04/2014 - 13:14
wehr teh fuk Usa
#62 - Teh Kureous Manh - 06/19/2014 - 14:53
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