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 Detailed Timeline of European History
World War I (1914-19) << Effect of WWI: Each Country  >>  Inter-War Period (1919-39)

Effect of World War I on Each Country
A New Terrible Type of Warfare, New Nations Created in Europe

Go to European History Interactive Map

World War I Interactive Map

World War I (1914 - 1919)

World War I Alliances

Albania
Before WWI: Tenuous independence after Balkan Wars, when it became independent for first time since being subjected to Ottoman rule centuries earlier. Unable to defend itself against all the regional powers (such as Serbia) that wanted to absorb Albania, but its independence was upheld by Western European powers, the UK in particular.
During and After WWI: Invaded by several nations during WWI, including Austria and Italy. With the intervention of the U.S., it would retain independence (although tenuously, as regional powers such as Yugoslavia and Italy would jockey for control), not wanting to be part of a Christian kingdom due to its largely Muslim population.


(Continued Below)

Austria
Before WWI: Comprised the western half of Austria-Hungary. Austria was weakened after loss to Prussia during Austro-Prussia War (1866) where it was evicted from German Confederation (resulting in Prussia-led Germany). Forced to concede equality to Hungary, then a junior partner of the empire. Formed alliance with Germany, to offset Russian threat, Austria’s primary enemy at the time.
During WWI: Invaded Serbia to fulfill ambition of assuming control of kingdom. Did not expect Russia to follow through with threats to come to aid of fellow Slav nation, but when it did, triggered a series of military alliances that started WWI. Maintained stalemate with Italy, but suffered devastating defeat toward end of war, precipitating its acknowledgement of defeat and withdrawal.
After WWI: Austria would be forced to cede large parts of empire, including Hungary and Balkan territories (Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia), minimizing it to a fraction of its size going back centuries, trimmed down to primarily cover areas dominated by Austrian-German populations.
Austria-Hungary Casualties:

Total Deaths: 1,567,000 (Rank = 5 / 16)
Total Deaths % of pop.: 3% (Rank = 8 / 16)
Troops: 7,800,000 (Rank = 4 / 16)
Troops % of pop.: 15.2% (Rank = 7 / 16)
Military Deaths: 1,100,000 (Rank = 4 / 16)
Military Deaths % of Troops: 14.1% (Rank = 8 / 16)
Civilian Deaths: 467,000 (Rank = 4 / 16)
Civilian Deaths % of pop.: 0.9% (Rank = 9 / 16)

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Belgium
Before WWI: Like Netherlands, opted to remain neutral, as it did not have the military might to defend itself from either France or Germany.
During and After WWI: Invaded by Germany, as the most effective route for an invasion of France was through Belgium. Devastated by the Germans in WWI, and further damaged when Germany refused to pay war reparations after the war.
Belgium Casualties:
Total Deaths: 104,987 (Rank = 13 / 16)
Total Deaths % of pop.: 1.4% (Rank = 12 / 16)
Troops: 267,000 (Rank = 13 / 16)
Troops % of pop.: 3.6% (Rank = 14 / 16)
Military Deaths: 42,987 (Rank = 12 / 16)
Military Deaths % of Troops: 16.1% (Rank = 6 / 16)
Civilian Deaths: 62,000 (Rank = 13 / 16)
Civilian Deaths % of pop.: 0.8% (Rank = 10 / 16)


Bulgaria
Before WWI: Suffered heavy losses in Balkan Wars preceding WWI, where it lost many of its historical territories. Joined the Central Powers at the onset of WWI, due to promises of regaining these lost territories.
During WWI: Initially successful in retaking lands from Romania, Serbia and Greece with the help of the Ottomans and Austrians. But the war became wildly unpopular with the general public, unsettled with the idea of fighting alongside the Muslim Ottomans against its fellow Christian Slavs.
After WWI: When the allies broke through, Bulgaria was forced to give up lands captured during WWI. A democratic government was formed.
Bulgaria Casualties:
Total Deaths: 187,500 (Rank = 10 / 16)
Total Deaths % of pop.: 3.4% (Rank = 7 / 16)
Troops: 1,200,000 (Rank = 9 / 16)
Troops % of pop.: 21.8% (Rank = 1 / 16)
Military Deaths: 87,500 (Rank = 11 / 16)
Military Deaths % of Troops: 17.3% (Rank = 13 / 16)
Civilian Deaths: 100,000 (Rank = 11 / 16)
Civilian Deaths % of pop.: 1.8% (Rank = 5 / 16)


Czechoslovakia
Before WWI: Under Austria-Hungary rule, with Czechs part of Western Half (Austrian dominion), and Slovaks part of eastern half (Hungary dominion).
After WWI: When Austria-Hungary loses WWI, forced to grant independence to all client states. The Slovaks choose to consolidate with Czechs, for added strength, protection and economic viability. The Czechs formed the Bohemian province of Austria, a strategically important industrial sector. Therefore, it was well developed. The Slovaks on the other hand were a neglected and underdeveloped as part of Hungary. Therefore, the Slovaks were not prepared to stand on their own, becoming part of the Czech-dominated Czechoslovakia instead.

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Denmark
Before WWI: Neutral.
During and After WWI: Traded with both sides, but also saw decline in commerce due to war disruptions. Did not prosper the same way Sweden did. Awarded small amount of territory (North Schleswig) from Allies which was lost to Germanic states in 1864 Schleswig wars.
Denmark Casualties:
Total Deaths: 722
Troops: 0
Military Deaths: 0
Civilian Deaths: 722


Estonia
Before WWI: Occupied by Russia.
During WWI: Abandoned by the Russians during their withdrawal from the war, and the Russian Civil War. Occupied by the Germans as a result.
After WWI: Germans withdraw at the conclusion of the war. Estonia successfully asserts independence, achieving victory in the War of Independence against Russia.


Finland
Before WWI: Russian province/client state.
During and After WWI: With Russian Revolution, Finland claimed independence, approved by provisional Russian government. Resulted in civil war between democratic republicans and Russia-leaning socialists. Republicans won, instituting democratic republican government.


France
Before WWI: Still experiencing political upheaval, but also re-establishing itself as a power after a century where it suffered major defeats (Napoleonic Wars, Franco-Prussian War). Expanded empire by becoming a leading colonizer of Africa. Pre-occupied with the German threat and competition. Interested in regaining territory lost during Franco-Prussian War. Strikes alliances with Russia and UK to hem in Germany.
During WWI: Immediately lost ground to the invading Germans, but halted their progress early in the war, keeping the front lines just inside their eastern borders. Fought successful campaigns against the Germans in Africa and the Ottoman Empire in the Middle East.
After WWI: Although a victor (regaining territory along France/German border lost during Franco-Prussian War), utterly devastated by the trench warfare fought against the Germans on French lands. Suffered a high loss of life, destroyed industrial region and economic devastation. France did gain additional territories though. In addition to lands along the Rhine (from Germany), also gained part of Germany’s African territories, and multiple territories in former Ottoman Empire (Middle East).
France Casualties:
Total Deaths: 1,697,800 (Rank = 4 / 16)
Total Deaths % of pop.: 4.3% (Rank = 4 / 16)
Troops: 8,410,000 (Rank = 3 / 16)
Troops % of pop.: 21.2% (Rank = 2 / 16)
Military Deaths: 1,397,800 (Rank = 3 / 16)
Military Dealths % of Troops: 16.6% (Rank = 5 / 16)
Civilian Deaths: 300,000 (Rank = 8 / 16)
Civilian Deaths % of pop.: 0.8% (Rank = 11 / 16)


Germany
Before WWI: Expanding super power, beginning to challenge UK, even as a naval power. Riding added strength gained from consolidation, and defeat of France in 1870-71 Franco-Prussian War (gaining new territories). Gains an overseas empire for the first time. Surpasses UK as Europe’s leading industrial power. Also becoming increasingly belligerent and aggressive, committing genocide in SW Africa colony, and threatening posturings against other European powers.
During WWI: Pre-emptively invaded France at beginning of war, in anticipation they would enter against them. Enjoyed the upper hand during most of the war on all fronts, but the tide turned against them at the very end, with the entry of the U.S., and the defeat of each of their allies.
After WWI: Severely weakened due to loss in WWI. Loses its overseas territories. No longer a serious challenger to the UK and USA as leading world powers. Loses territory to France. But the loss is not utterly devastating. Still had most military and industrial capacity in place, just unable to reach potential in these areas due to peace treaty signed to end war. Germany’s economy and morale would decline, giving rise to Nazi party, which would crank up war machine again, becoming dominant once more in the 1930s, precipitating WWII.
Germany Casualties:
Total Deaths: 2,462,897 (Rank = 3 / 16)
Total Deaths % of pop.: 3.8% (Rank = 5 / 16)
Troops: 11,000,000 (Rank = 2 / 16)
Troops % of pop.: 16.9% (Rank = 3 / 16)
Military Deaths: 2,036,897 (Rank = 1 / 16)
Military Deaths % of Troops: 18.5% (Rank = 4 / 16)
Civilian Deaths: 426,000 (Rank = 7 / 16)
Civilian Deaths % of pop.: 0.7% (Rank = 12 / 16)

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Greece
Before WWI: Coming off successful campaign of Balkan Wars, where it gained substantial territories from Bulgaria.
During WWI: Joined Allied powers against Ottomans and Bulgaria. Lost territory to Bulgaria (with help from Ottomans), but when Allies broke through into Balkan Peninsula, it was able to defeat Central Powers, regaining its recently lost territories.
After WWI: Moved in to occupy lands in Asian Minor (modern Turkey), where the Ottoman Empire was near the point of total collapse, resulting in combat with the Turks. In the ensuing Greco-Turkish War, Turkey achieves victory, driving the Greeks out of Asia Minor. A population exchange is agreed upon at the conclusion of the war, where those considering themselves to be Greek or Turkic are allowed/forced to relocate to Greece/Turkey.
Greece Casualties:
Total Deaths: 176,000 (Rank = 11 / 16)
Total Deaths % of pop.: 0.4% (Rank = 14 / 16)
Troops: 230,000 (Rank = 14 / 16)
Troops % of pop.: 4.8% (Rank = 13 / 16)
Military Deaths: 26,000 (Rank = 13 / 16)
Military Deaths % of Troops: 11.3% (Rank = 11 / 16)
Civilian Deaths: 150,000 (Rank = 9 / 16)
Civilian Deaths % of pop.: 3.1% (Rank = 4 / 16)


Hungary
Before WWI: Comprised the eastern half of Austria-Hungary. Austria weakened after loss to Prussia during Austro-Prussia War (1866) where it was evicted from German Confederation (resulting in Prussia-led Germany). Forced to concede equality to Hungary, then a junior partner of the empire. Austria-Hungary formed alliance with Germany, to offset Russian threat, Austria-Hungary’s primary enemy at the time.
After WWI: Upon the loss of Austria-Hungary in WWI, it was forced to divide into natural states according to ethnic groups. Therefore, Hungary became independent at conclusion of war, but lost possession of significant Hungarian population inside Transylvania, which was awarded to Romania by the Allies.
Austria-Hungary Casualties:
Total Deaths: 1,567,000 (Rank = 5 / 16)
Total Deaths % of pop.: 3% (Rank = 8 / 16)
Troops: 7,800,000 (Rank = 4 / 16)
Troops % of pop.: 15.2% (Rank = 7 / 16)
Military Deaths: 1,100,000 (Rank = 4 / 16)
Military Deaths % of Troops: 14.1% (Rank = 8 / 16)
Civilian Deaths: 467,000 (Rank = 4 / 16)
Civilian Deaths % of pop.: 0.9% (Rank = 9 / 16)

(Continued Below)

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Italy
Before WWI: Suffered domestic troubles as a new nation (1861), but fervent nationalism fueled expansion into Africa. Initially remained neutral in WWI, as it was somewhat friendly with UK, France, Germany and Austria, but was lured to the side of the Allies due to promises of Austria-Hungary lands.
During WWI: Invaded Austria-Hungary along its NE border, remaining in a stalemate most of the war, before inflicting a devastating victory upon the Austrians at the end of the war. Resulted in Austria-Hungary defeat and withdrawal in WWI, and consequential break up of the empire.
After WWI: Awarded small tracts of Austrian territories from the leading Allies (US & UK), but not Dalmatia which it had coveted. Difficulties after the war led to violent protests by the rapidly growing socialist party, facilitating a coup led by Mussolini's Fascist Party. This would push Italy more toward Germany, especially since it was discontent with the meager territorial gains offered by the Allies. As a result, Italy would become a primary partner of the Axis Powers, leading them into WWII on the Nazi side.
Italy Casualties:
Total Deaths: 1,240,010 (Rank = 6 / 16)
Total Deaths % of pop.: 3.5% (Rank = 6 / 16)
Troops: 5,615,000 (Rank = 6 / 16)
Troops % of pop.: 15.8% (Rank = 4 / 16)
Military Deaths: 651,010 (Rank = 7 / 16)
Military Deaths % of Troops: 11.6% (Rank = 10 / 16)
Civilian Deaths: 589,000 (Rank = 3 / 16)
Civilian Deaths % of pop.: 1.7% (Rank = 6 / 16)


Latvia
Before WWI: Occupied by Russia.
During WWI: Fights on behalf of Russia during WWI until Russian withdrawal and commencement of the Russian Civil War. Russians abandon Latvia, leaving it open to German occupation.
After WWI: At conclusion of WWI, Germans withdraw, and Latvia resists Russian attempts to reassert control, enabling Latvian independence.


Lithuania
Before WWI: Occupied by Russia.
During WWI: After Russians withdraw from WWI, becoming embattled in the Russian Civil War, Lithuania is left open for German occupation.
After WWI: Becomes independent at conclusion of WWI, as the Germans withdraw, and the Russians unsuccessfully attempt to reassert control.


Luxembourg
Before WWI: A Netherlands possession - neutral.
During and After WWI: Occupied by Germany. Forced to provide soldiers to fight for Germany. Liberated by Allies, given independence after war.


Netherlands
Before WWI: Strong economy but weak military. Therefore, elects to remain neutral.
During and After WWI: Never invaded, but blockaded, as they traded with nations on both sides. Constitutional monarchy remains intact. Germany did not dare invade, knowing that the more strategic location of the Netherlands (possessing the mouth of major rivers originating in France and Germany) would certainly invite a counter-invasion.


Norway
Before WWI: Neutral. Traded frequently with both UK and Germany.
During and After WWI: Remained neutral, but continued to trade with Allies, and supported Allied war effort (UK in particular) through trade. Lost several merchant ships to German submarine attacks. Enjoyed peace on the domestic front, with constitutional monarchy led by democratically-minded King Haakon VII.
Norway Casualties:
Total Deaths: 1,892
Troops: 0 Military Deaths: 0
Civilian Deaths: 1,892


Poland
Before WWI: Most of Poland is a Russian client state, with other parts (due to Partition of Poland before Napoleonic Wars) subservient to Austria and Germany.
During and After WWI: Forced to fight against each other, as partition placed part of Poland on Allied side, and part on other side. Poland devastated during WWI, since it served as battleground, but gains independence upon conclusion of war.


Portugal
Before WWI: Neutral. In a state of political turbulence as Republican (democratic) government tries to establish rule.
During WWI: War declared by Germany and Austria when Portugal cooperates with UK. Fought Germans in Africa, gaining territory from them.
After WWI: Civil war ensues as monarchists fight against republicans, descending nation into chaos before dictatorship takes hold in 1926.
Portugal Casualties:
Total Deaths: 89,222 (Rank = 14 / 16)
Total Deaths % of pop.: 1.5% (Rank = 11 / 16)
Troops: 65,166 (Rank = 15 / 16)
Troops % of pop.: 1.1% (Rank = 16 / 16)
Military Deaths: 7,222 (Rank = 14 / 16)
Military Deaths % of Troops: 11.1% (Rank = 12 / 16)
Civilian Deaths: 82,000 (Rank = 12 / 16) Civilian Deaths % of pop.: 1.4% (Rank = 7 / 16)


Romania
Before WWI: Kingdom of Romania, having gained independence from Ottoman Empire in 1881, after several centuries of Ottoman rule.
During WWI: Joined the side of the Allies, but were quickly overrun by Germany/Austria. Occupied throughout most of the war, although continually resisted.
After WWI: Regained sovereignty when Germany/Austria were defeated, and were forced to withdraw forces. Significant additional territories were awarded to Romania, including Transylvania (long under Austria-Hungary rule), which nearly doubled the size of Romania, and Bessarabia (eastern half of modern Moldava), which elected to join Romania during Russian Civil War.
Romania Casualties:
Total Deaths: 680,000 (Rank = 9 / 16)
Total Deaths % of pop.: 9.1% (Rank = 3 / 16)
Troops: 750,000 (Rank = 11 / 16)
Troops % of pop.: 10% (Rank = 9 / 16)
Military Deaths: 250,000 (Rank = 9 / 16)
Military Deaths % of Troops: 33.3% (Rank = 2 / 16)
Civilian Deaths: 430,000 (Rank = 6 / 16)
Civilian Deaths % of pop.: 5.7% (Rank = 3 / 16)


Russia
Before WWI: Tumultuous times. Suffering economic and social problems at home (1905 revolution after loss to Japan in Russo-Japanese War), while threatened by an expanding Germany to the west. Russia had long been in expansionist mode, attempting to gain territories and influence in Balkans, through the Slav connection, placing it in opposition with German/Austrian expansionist designs in Balkans. Enters military alliance with UK and France to counterbalance the German/Austrian threat. Ukraine and Belarus have been under Russian rule for centuries. Their language and culture survive, despite being repressed by Russia.
During WWI: Russia is outclassed by the German and Austrian armies, losing significant ground. Suffering from a high loss of life and severe economic problems leads to revolution, enabling the communists to gain power. The communists withdraw Russia from the war, ceding vast territories to Germany/Austria. The Russian Civil War ensues, as other factions attempt to assume power. Ukraine and Belarus come under German control, but are given autonomy.
After WWI: As communists secure their hold on power within Russia, they attempt to reassert authority over pre-war territories lost to the Central Powers. Soviet Russia is unable to prevent the independence of several former dependent states, such as Poland, Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia and Finland. It does manage to reassert control over Belarus and Ukraine.
Russia Casualties:
Total Deaths: 3,311,000 (Rank = 2 / 16)
Total Deaths % of pop.: 2.1% (Rank = 10 / 16)
Troops: 12,000,000 (Rank = 1 / 16)
Troops % of pop.: 7.6% (Rank = 11 / 16)
Military Deaths: 1,811,000 (Rank = 2 / 16)
Military Deaths % of Troops: 15.1% (Rank = 7 / 16)
Civilian Deaths: 1,500,000 (Rank = 2 / 16)
Civilian Deaths % of pop.: 0.9% (Rank = 8 / 16)
Russian Civil War:
Total Deaths: Estimated 15,000,000
Military Deaths: More than 1,500,000
Civilian Deaths: More than 13,000,000


Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes
Before WWI: Serbia and Macedonia form the Kingdom of Serbia. Montenegro independent. Slovenia, Croatia and Bosnia & Herzogovenia provinces within the Austria-Hungary Empire.
During WWI: War triggered when Bosnian/Serb independent movement carries out assassination of heir to Austrian throne, inviting invasion from Austria, sparking WWI. Serbia falls to Austria.
After WWI: Upon the defeat of Austria-Hungary, the Allies demand that Austria grant its subsidiaries independence. The South Slav ethnic groups/nations elect to combine into a consolidated South Slav state, as it had long envisioned.
Serbia Casualties:
Total Deaths: 725,000 (Rank = 8 / 16)
Total Deaths % of pop.: 16.1% (Rank = 2 / 16)
Troops: 707,343 (Rank = 12 / 16)
Troops % of pop.: 15.7% (Rank = 5 / 16)
Military Deaths: 275,000 (Rank = 8 / 16)
Military Deaths % of Troops: 38.9% (Rank = 1 / 16)
Civilian Deaths: 450,000 (Rank = 5 / 16)
Civilian Deaths % of pop.: 10% (Rank = 2 / 16)


Spain
Before WWI: Developing industrial nation, neutral in continental affairs/rivalries.
During WWI: Largely unaffected. Did generate revenues by selling goods to allies, but also suffered losses with several commercial ships sunk by German U-boats.
After WWI: Like most European nations, Spain suffered greatly from the global, postwar economic downturn.

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Sweden
Before WWI: Neutral. Growing industrialization.
During and After WWI: Remained neutral. Prospered by trading with both sides in the war, as war and other related products from Sweden were in high demand.
Sweden Casualties:
Total Deaths: 877 Troops: 0
Military Deaths: 0
Civilian Deaths: 877


Switzerland
Before, During and After WWI: Remains neutral.


Turkey/Ottoman Empire
Before WWI: The Ottoman Empire was in rapid decay leading up to WWI. An alliance was struck with Germany as a desperate move to re-establish itself as major power, to regain territories lost in the Balkans and to Russia in recent decades.
During WWI: The UK and France invade the Ottoman Empire by way of Palestine. The Ottomans initially maintain their defenses, but eventually give way to the advancing Allies, forcing them to surrender in 1918.
After WWI: The Ottoman Empire is forced to accept an Allied occupation of Anatolia (modern Turkey - the heart of the Ottoman Empire). France and the UK annex Palestinian and Mesopotamian territories. This capitulation by Sultan causes a revolutionary movement in Turkey to drive out Allies and to drive the Greeks out of western Asia Minor, establishing modern Republic of Turkey. However, it was drastically reduced compared to the days as the Ottoman Empire.
Ottoman Empire Casualties:
Total Deaths: 5,000,000 (Rank = 1 / 16)
Total Deaths % of pop.: 23.5% (Rank = 1 / 16)
Troops: 2,850,000 (Rank = 8 / 16)
Troops % of pop.: 13.4% (Rank = 8 / 16)
Military Deaths: 800,000 (Rank = 6 / 16)
Military Deaths % of Troops: 28.1% (Rank = 3 / 16)
Civilian Deaths: 4,200,000 (Rank = 1 / 16)
Civilian Deaths % of pop.: 19.7% (Rank = 1 / 16)


United Kingdom
Before WWI: World’s greatest power, largest colonial empire. Primary concern – increasingly aggressive Germany.
During WWI: Remains dominant at sea, keeping German navy in check. Instrumental in defeating Ottoman Empire in the Middle East. Substantially supports France along western front.
After WWI: Victorious, gains even more territory (especially in Middle East), but weakened due to high loss of life and financial damage. Experiences increasing difficulty in controlling its overseas empire. While distracted with WWI, Ireland begins Independence movement, leading to Irish Independence in 1921.
United Kingdom Casualties:
Total Deaths: 994,138 (Rank = 7 / 16)
Total Deaths % of pop.: 2.2% (Rank = 9 / 16)
Troops: 7,100,000 (Rank = 5 / 16)
Troops % of pop.: 15.6% (Rank = 6 / 16)
Military Deaths: 885,138 (Rank = 5 / 16)
Military Deaths % of Troops: 12.5% (Rank = 9 / 16)
Civilian Deaths: 109,000 (Rank = 10 / 16)
Civilian Deaths % of pop.: 0.2% (Rank = 13 / 16)


United States Casualties:
Total Deaths: 117,465 (Rank = 12 / 16)
Total Deaths % of pop.: 0.1% (Rank = 15 / 16)
Troops: 4,743,826 (Rank = 7 / 16)
Troops % of pop.: 5.2% (Rank = 12 / 16)
Military Deaths: 116,708 (Rank = 10 / 16)
Military Deaths % of Troops: 2.5% (Rank = 15 / 16)
Civilian Deaths: 757 (Rank = 14 / 16)
Civilian Deaths % of pop.: 0% (Rank = 14 / 16)


Casualty Ranks By Country:


Total Deaths:
1. Ottoman Empire: 5,000,000
2. Russian Empire: 3,311,000
3. German Empire: 2,462,897
4. France: 1,697,800
5. Austria-Hungary: 1,567,000
6. Italy: 1,240,010
7. United Kingdom: 994,138
8. Serbia: 725,000
9. Romania: 680,000
10. Bulgaria: 187,500
11. Greece: 176,000
12. United States: 117,465
13. Belgium: 104,987
14. Portugal: 89,222
15. Montenegro: 3,000
16. Norway: 1,892
17. Sweden: 877
18. Denmark: 722
19. Japan: 415
Total Deaths as % of Population:
1. Ottoman Empire: 23.5%
2. Serbia: 16.1%
3. Romania: 9.1%
4. France: 4.3%
5. German Empire: 3.8%
6. Italy: 3.5%
7. Bulgaria: 3.4%
8. Austria-Hungary: 3%
9. United Kingdom: 2.2%
10. Russian Empire: 2.1%
11. Portugal: 1.5%
12. Belgium: 1.4%
13. Montenegro: 0.6%
14. Greece: 0.4%
15. United States: 0.1%
16. Japan: 0%
17. Norway: 0%
18. Denmark: 0%
19. Sweden: 0%
Troops Used:
1. Russian Empire: 12,000,000
2. German Empire: 11,000,000
3. France: 8,410,000
4. Austria-Hungary: 7,800,000
5. United Kingdom: 7,100,000
6. Italy: 5,615,000
7. United States: 4,743,826
8. Ottoman Empire: 2,850,000
9. Bulgaria: 1,200,000
10. Japan: 800,000
11. Romania: 750,000
12. Serbia: 707,343
13. Belgium: 267,000
14. Greece: 230,000
15. Portugal: 65,166
16. Montenegro: 50,000
Troops Used as % of Population:
1. Bulgaria: 21.8%
2. France: 21.2%
3. Germany: 16.9%
4. Italy: 15.8%
5. Serbia: 15.7%
6. United Kingdom: 15.6%
7. Austria-Hungary: 15.2%
8. Ottoman Empire: 13.4%
9. Romania: 10%
10. Montenegro: 10%
11. Russian Empire: 7.6%
12. United States: 5.2%
13. Greece: 4.8%
14. Belgium: 3.6%
15. Japan: 1.5%
16. Portugal: 1.1%
Military Deaths:
1. German Empire: 2,036,897
2. Russian Empire: 1,811,000
3. France: 1,397,000
4. Austria-Hungary: 1,100,000
5. United Kingdom: 885,138
6. Ottoman Empire: 800,000
7. Italy: 651,010
8. Serbia: 275,000
9. Romania: 250,000
10. United States: 116,708
11. Bulgaria: 87,500
12. Belgium: 42,987
13. Greece: 26,000
14. Portugal: 7,222
15. Montenegro: 3,000
16. Japan: 415
Military Deaths as % of Total Troops Used:
1. Serbia: 38.9%
2. Romania: 33.3%
3. Ottoman Empire: 28.1%
4. German Empire: 18.5%
5. France: 16.6%
6. Belgium: 16.1%
7. Russian Empire: 15.1%
8. Austria-Hungary: 14.1%
9. United Kingdom: 12.5%
10. Italy: 11.6%
11. Greece: 11.3%
12. Portugal: 11.1%
13. Bulgaria: 7.3%
14. Montenegro: 6%
15. United States: 2.5%
16. Japan: 0.1%
Civilian Deaths:
1. Ottoman Empire: 4,200,000
2. Russian Empire: 1,500,000
3. Italy: 589,000
4. Austria-Hungary: 467,000
5. Serbia: 450,000
6. Romania: 430,000
7. German Empire: 426,000
8. France: 300,000
9. Greece: 150,000
10. United Kingdom: 109,000
11. Bulgaria: 100,000
12. Portugal: 82,000
13. Belgium: 62,000
14. Norway: 1,892
15. Sweden: 877
16. United States: 757
17. Denmark: 722
18. Montenegro: 0
19. Japan: 0
Civilian Deaths as % of Population:
1. Ottoman Empire: 19.7%
2. Serbia: 10%
3. Romania: 5.7%
4. Greece: 3.1%
5. Bulgaria: 1.8%
6. Italy: 1.7%
7. Portugal: 1.4%
8. Russian Empire: 0.9%
9. Austria-Hungary: 0.9%
10. Belgium: 0.8%
11. France: 0.8%
12. German Empire: 0.7%
13. United Kingdom: 0.2%
14. Montenegro: 0%
15. Norway: 0%
16. Denmark: 0%
17. Sweden: 0%
18. Japan: 0%
19. United States: 0%

Next: Inter-War Period (1919 - 1939)

Previous: World War I (1914 - 1919)

Go to European History Interactive Map

World War I Interactive Map


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Comments (98)

this is really helpful thanks
#1 - sa - 03/21/2012 - 17:27
This IS GREAT< THANKS SO MUCH :)
#2 - ya - 03/21/2012 - 17:28
helped
#3 - the guy - 05/02/2012 - 12:49
Fantastic (:
#4 - Barack Obama - 05/21/2012 - 08:41
Awesome, thanks.
#5 - SC97 - 08/06/2012 - 22:31
thanks so much this really helped
#6 - me - 09/08/2012 - 13:16
Awesome.
#7 - Awesome. - 09/13/2012 - 09:20
THIS IS TERRIBLE.




but i liked it.
#8 - Barbie Pars. - 10/05/2012 - 14:02
What about Australia and New Zealand?
#9 - Graham Mitchell - 10/05/2012 - 23:38
really good for everything except the united states. Like no information except for some statistics. wtf
#10 - hey - 10/12/2012 - 02:09
that was helpful except i was trying to find out how many/% of the deaths were in the air/sea/land!? (where's a good interrobang when you need it!?)
#11 - elle belle - 11/02/2012 - 08:38
TROLOLOLOLOL u missed a lot of statistics for Australia, New Zealand and about the Sea/Air
#12 - yoyoyoyoyoyoyyoyo - 11/04/2012 - 20:30
People asking about Australia and New Zealand,they were part of the British Empire at this time and still were up until a few years ago. Also America gained no land and was barely involved until it upset their own interests.
#13 - Anon - 11/18/2012 - 12:52
it is great
#14 - niyat - 11/19/2012 - 13:15
Thanks soooo much! :) this really helped
#15 - MEGAN - 02/19/2013 - 14:18
Australia suffered the most casualties percentage wise in WWI and even though they were part of the British Empire, this little fact ought to be mentioned.
#16 - ? - 02/25/2013 - 19:13
this was fabulous :)
#17 - Matt Bell - 03/15/2013 - 13:19
how the heck can you forget serbia
#18 - toan - 03/22/2013 - 02:16
it was good but not as good as it could
#19 - mrcritique - 03/22/2013 - 12:22
Nothing on India or China or middle east :( !!!!!
#20 - aaaa - 04/25/2013 - 21:52
amazing stuff thanx for helping with homework
#21 - funnyboyz - 05/27/2013 - 14:19
this helped me get a 88% on my history paper, thanks! with in text citation of course!
#22 - a smart nigga - 05/27/2013 - 23:26
Cheers dude! This helped.
#23 - Gary Ablett - 06/04/2013 - 03:45
thanks sooooo much helped heaps:)
#24 - Nick - 06/08/2013 - 07:57
Thanks this helped a bit with a story on WW1 I was doing based around a French Army captain who was in the Boxer Rebellion and was the first to be attacked when they were deployed to Belgium
#25 - Jimmy Cole - 08/08/2013 - 21:15
haha
#26 - navarro - 08/18/2013 - 17:41
awesome to use
#27 - robert - 09/09/2013 - 06:28
i ma sparticus
#28 - robert - 09/09/2013 - 06:39
This was great help, thank you!
#29 - Pie. - 09/15/2013 - 18:17
thanks
#30 - jim - 10/05/2013 - 17:16
thanks a ton
it was a lot of fun
now i got to run
away into the sun
#31 - Evan - 10/14/2013 - 01:30
This helped me a lot with my homework thank you.
#32 - Video gamer - 10/14/2013 - 18:51
Although it needs more statistics.
#33 - Video gamer - 10/14/2013 - 18:57
yo thx 240 flaz
#34 - xXxPu$sYfUcKeRW33DW1Z4RDxXx - 10/15/2013 - 15:28
jk kid omg u got me a 90% not good enough h4ckin u irl
#35 - xXxPu$sYfUcKeRW33DW1Z4RDxXx - 10/15/2013 - 15:29
thnk u 4 notez omg wanna go 2 teen nite wit me nd grind all the gtp mmmmmmmmmmmmm
#36 - p00n$layer3.1459 - 10/15/2013 - 15:31
jovy add me on roblox pls
#37 - steven - 10/15/2013 - 15:54
JOVY ADD ME MY IGN IS THIS IGN WONT FI
#38 - steven - 10/15/2013 - 15:55
yo fuk yo fuk yo fuk yo fuk yo fuk yo fuk yo fuk yo fuk yo fuk yo fuk yo fuk yo fuk yo fuk yo fuk yo fuk yo fuk yo fuk yo fuk yo fuk yo fuk yo fuk yo fuk yo fuk yo fuk yo fuk yo fuk yo fuk yo fuk yo fuk yo fuk yo fuk yo fuk yo fuk yo fuk yo fuk yo fuk yo fuk yo fuk yo fuk yo fuk yo fuk yo fuk yo fuk yo fuk yo fuk yo fuk yo fuk yo fuk yo fuk yo fuk yo fuk yo fuk
#39 - slammer yildo - 10/15/2013 - 15:56
What??
Australia did not exist during WW1?
Lost no troops?
Get it right.
#40 - Aussie - 10/18/2013 - 15:04
i\'m the riddler
#41 - ?????????????????? - 10/28/2013 - 15:21
i\\\'m the riddler?????????????????????????????????????????????????
#42 - ?????????????????? - 10/28/2013 - 15:27
ha ha ha ha ha ha ha ha ha ha ha ha ha ha ha this is a good web sight.

#43 - danika - 11/01/2013 - 12:28
u shouldnt be talking like that
#44 - rylie - 11/01/2013 - 12:35
Really
#45 - Joe - 11/01/2013 - 12:35
I AM SO AWESOME .

#46 - danika - 11/01/2013 - 12:36
hi fckkkkkk
#47 - jack - 11/05/2013 - 14:18
Although you give statistics on other non-European countries involved in WW1, you don't mention Canada. Why?
#48 - j. newton - 11/15/2013 - 14:29
I feel dirty
#49 - Sorebutthole - 11/19/2013 - 13:29
F



F





































F

DS











SDSS









































ASK
#50 - TIT - 11/19/2013 - 13:30
F



F





































F

DS











SDSS









































ASK































































































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s
#51 - TIT slut - 11/19/2013 - 13:32
So I guess Canada wasn\'t there. Germany must still hold Vimy Ridge
#52 - Martin - 11/19/2013 - 20:18
What is going on.
#53 - Hello - 01/21/2014 - 15:55
OMG LMFAO
THIS IS SHIT
#54 - MuzDog - 01/22/2014 - 03:39
Where is China they were like VITAL man!!!
#55 - Maddog - 02/04/2014 - 16:56
THANKYOU IT HELPED WRITE MY ESSAY!
#56 - B YG - 02/04/2014 - 20:14
chinaless
#57 - pokerface - 02/10/2014 - 14:38
Im amazing im so sexy
#58 - Bob the Builder - 02/20/2014 - 14:46
i like wieners in my bum
#59 - gay boi - 02/21/2014 - 15:27
Faggot
#60 - reflection - 02/24/2014 - 13:31
Actually Australia became a federation in 1901 and lost more soldiers than the United States.
#61 - MWH - 03/03/2014 - 22:14
helped out a lot
#62 - cool kids club - 03/07/2014 - 08:59
These dam comments on a history web side
#63 - Fuckboysa - 03/07/2014 - 13:31
TrollololTrollolol
Trollolol












Trollolol





Fuckbous gada






A
A


A
A

A
A
A
A

A
A
A
A
A

S
B
A
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A
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A
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A
Ass

A
A
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A
A

A
ATrollolol
#64 - Fuckboysa - 03/07/2014 - 13:32
craop
#65 - jim - 03/11/2014 - 06:15
www/ex/copy/....Success/Enter/Load....22sec/Password/\"Axtruc\"/Enter/....Sucess/Enter/file_select/hope/enter/select/......Load5sec/openfile/Dot_eye_Is_watching_always_(capshold4sec)you_are_never_safe/close/delete/?/shutdown/Load66sec/password/mrured/load3sec.../success/end/
#66 - /Dot_Eye/ 0.33.22573.74.268.7367 - 03/23/2014 - 14:57
www/ex/copy/....Success/Enter/Load....22sec/Password/\\\"Axtruc\\\"/Enter/....Sucess/Enter/file_select/hope/enter/select/......Load5sec/openfile/Dot_eye_Is_watching_always_(capshold4sec)you_are_never_safe/close/delete/?/shutdown/Load66sec/password/mrured/load3sec.../success/end/
#67 - /Dot_Eye/ 0.33.22573.74.268.7367 - 03/23/2014 - 14:57
So you guys have no life? Wow
#68 - No - 04/01/2014 - 09:54
troll face
#69 - troll face - 04/02/2014 - 08:53
children boil in my basement
#70 - i cry myself to sleep - 04/02/2014 - 15:13
sometimes when im alone, i like to get naked and chase my boogers.
#71 - smelly finger - 04/02/2014 - 15:15
when im hungary i boil babies alive and eat their warm soft flesh off of their soft devoloping bones.
#72 - Satan lover 69 - 04/02/2014 - 15:19
when im alone i like to have minecraaft sex
#73 - hobo - 04/08/2014 - 11:16
Satan Lover 69 ill have minecraft sex with you
#74 - Satan Lover 6969 - 04/08/2014 - 12:10
this article turned me on. so much death
#75 - poontang666 - 04/18/2014 - 11:20
{}
#76 - nsa - 04/22/2014 - 13:16

FUDGE NUCKLES
#77 - FUDGE - 04/25/2014 - 11:12
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#78 - Shanaynay Alexandaqaumose - 04/25/2014 - 11:12
hey You all are sinners
#79 - black jesus - 04/25/2014 - 11:13
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#80 - Shanaynay Alexandaqaumose - 04/25/2014 - 11:13
mexican tacos
#81 - WATERMELONPEA - 04/25/2014 - 11:14
I SEE YOU
#82 - WATERMELONPEA - 04/25/2014 - 11:16
0
========>
0
#83 - black jesus - 04/25/2014 - 11:17
I am a dirty nigger. i obey my master when he rapes me and forces me to work. this is how it should be. white people are bettter than me
#84 - jamime (nigger) - 04/28/2014 - 22:15
What the heck..
#85 - watermelondrea - 05/15/2014 - 13:11
What about Chia?
#86 - Danny - 05/23/2014 - 06:16
wtf...
#87 - ureface - 05/30/2014 - 13:14
420 i like et night seven inlaw
#88 - swag - 06/23/2014 - 06:19
BLAH BALA
#89 - Jordan - 09/02/2014 - 23:49
what happened to the comment section?!
#90 - you guys are idiots - 09/03/2014 - 12:23
asdflk
#91 - heh - 09/26/2014 - 20:56
fag
#92 - Quinten Kyllonen - 10/06/2014 - 13:05
The fact that you even forget the biggest world power at the time (Britain) , makes me believe that none of your sources are credible.
#93 - Anonymus - 10/18/2014 - 22:59
IT HELPED
#94 - NONE - 10/20/2014 - 13:32
It really helped me
#95 - vardaan - 10/25/2014 - 06:32














































































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#96 - jo mama - 10/27/2014 - 13:33
thank you for the statistics i think the people commenting are rude and disrespectful thank you.
#97 - N/A - 10/28/2014 - 10:32
gAY homo fag

































































































































































































































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#98 - unratedmoms - 10/31/2014 - 17:20
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