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European History Interactive Map
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Comments (419)

this is wonderful. i've looked at the entire site... including articles and the interactive maps... every teacher and/or student of history, geography, political science, sociology, anthropology, etc will enjoy spending time in worldology. excellent job!
#1 - Terry - 07/24/2009 - 02:09
Site rocks!
#2 - Me - 05/20/2010 - 10:09
this is a great web site
#3 - Tia - 05/28/2010 - 09:08
Actually, Constantinople was in an alliance with Nazi Germany. They declared Jihad against Great Brittan and her allies. They were basically the whimps of Europe that used Germany for protection.
#4 - Kaleo - 09/03/2010 - 00:44
Shows the educational power of proper presentation of information. Tremendous restraint used in the mostly brief essays. Cohesive strings of historical connection. Not devoid of emotion or morality, but professional adherence to journalistic objectivity. Excellent discussion of the scientific basis for our understanding of the spread of languages and people, with a deep lesson: we are all related. Anyone who posts political opinions on this page is a vandal, worthy of much more contempt than their namesakes. What a gift to the Internet!
#5 - Random Visitor - 09/07/2010 - 23:14
Did they died?
#6 - Phil E. Drifter - 09/08/2010 - 05:03
A slight correction: Finland's border changed after in WW2. The Karelian region (south-eastern part of Finland) was lost to Russia.
#7 - s|o|b - 09/08/2010 - 05:07

Slavs are not Romanians primary ancestors.Romanians ancestors are Thracians and Romans.

#8 - antonela - 09/08/2010 - 06:54
The correctness and precision of this map is awful. Take a look at the contour of the Kingdom of Hungary on pane 1350-1505 and compare it with that on this map:

I personally won't take any information on this site serious from now on.
#9 - Zoltan - 09/08/2010 - 07:34
Very strange that USSR is not listed as Allies in WW2, if it wasn't them, the war would have been lost.
#10 - Dmitriy - 09/08/2010 - 08:57
Good try. Superficial.
#11 - Adrian - 09/08/2010 - 10:33
if you press 1989 till now and then Yugoslovia wars down in the corner you see about the independence of Macedonia!!!!!!!! well it's not macedonia!!!! Macedonia is GREEK! It's FYROM
#12 - nikos - 09/08/2010 - 13:23
@Dmitriy For the first 2 years of the of the war the USSR was in the Nazi-Soviet pact meaning that they were loosely affiliated allies. Hence why Poland was split between the two nations. It wasn't unti'll 1941 that the Germany declared war on the USSR and joined the allies ultimately being one of the major turning points in the allies favour.
#13 - Esoteric - 09/08/2010 - 13:36
actually Croatia is not identical to the former Roman Pannonia. Present Croatia was Dalmatia, whilst Pannonia was present Eastern Austria (Pannonia Superior) and the transdanubian (Western) part of HUngary (P. Inferior)
#14 - Tamas - 09/08/2010 - 15:01
So many mistakes! "Ukrainians" did not exist in 1350. It was Rus populated by Russians. Russians and Ukrainians are basically the same thing. Modern Russians are very different from medieval Russians. Ukrainians are much closer to them. Western half of Kiev Rus (modern Ukraine) had never been a part of Golden Horde. What is marked as Rus Successor States was actually Golden Horde at the time. The map is simply a mess. It misleads rather then educates.
#15 - Vadim - 09/08/2010 - 17:30
s|o|b - I did neglect to show the Finnish loss of the Karelian region after WW2.
#16 - Casey - 09/08/2010 - 17:45
Ciao - The interactive map above does not clearly address the genetic composition of Romanians. It is definitely cloudy on that issue, since the purpose of the map is to give a broad-brush, graphical overview of European history. Thus, many of the finer details are glossed over. However, I do have an article that does address it on another page:
This article largely agrees with your assertion that the native Thracians and Romans are the dominant ancestors of modern Romanians.
#17 - Casey - 09/08/2010 - 18:00
Zoltan - Showing every incremental fluctuation in political borders throughout the past 7000 years is beyond the scope of this project. My aim was merely to show a broad-brushed evolution of European history. In which case, there are many approximations. The time period in question (1350-1505) covers 150 years. So I did not attempt to show the precise borders of the Kingdom of Hungary for any given year. Instead, I give an approximation of Hungarian borders throughout this 155 year time period. This way, as you toggle back and forth through wide-sweeping time periods, you can get an idea of how political borders fluctuated and evolved over time. To show border fluctuations year by year over a 7000 year period would be unfeasible. There are already specific maps available throughout the internet that show fairly accurate snapshots of various, narrow time periods (such as the 1490 map you have referenced), but nothing that allows you to get an overview of approximate border fluctuations over time. For the 1350-1505 time period for instance, I tried to show the approximate borders that were representative of this 155 year time period. So of course it will not represent any given year with tight accuracy.
#18 - Casey - 09/08/2010 - 18:11
Dimitri - Esoteric is right, the USSR was not technically a member of the Allies as of 1939, as the map specifically states. The map certainly shows that Germany and the USSR engaged in combat in 1941 (when Germany invaded USSR). I don't know if the USSR ever officially signed a treaty with the allies during the course of the war (before the Yalta Conference of 1945), but they were certainly instrumental in the eventual Allied victory, as you state.
#19 - Casey - 09/08/2010 - 18:19
Tamas - Yes, I approximated here (235-490 time period), as I simply combined Pannonia and Dalmatia on the map, as both fell in 455 to the Germanic Ostrogoths.
#20 - Casey - 09/08/2010 - 18:22
Vadim - The Golden Horde borders I delineated do approximate among the multiple maps available, such as this one:
By 1150, the Kieven Rus had already fragmented, dividing those who would later become known as "Russians", and those who would later become known as "Ukrainians", as shown in the interactive map. There is evidence that "Ukrainian" was used in reference to those in modern western Ukraine, before 1350. The map does not get into the nuances of this, and in the 1350, simply refers to these people as "Ukrainians", since they may or may not have been referred to as such during this time period. But one thing is clear, they were ancestral to modern Ukrainians. I did intend for this map to be as accurate as possible, but as mentioned above, the primary aim is to give a broad-brushed, comprehensive view of the entire "political" history of Europe. So I do gloss over many of the finer points in favor of giving the visitor a sense of how borders, people and events coalesced over time to bring the continent where it is today. So the overarching patterns are more important than the hair-splitting details, which can be appreciated more in other places which exhaustively discuss narrow aspects of European history. In which case, there are many approximations.
#21 - Casey - 09/08/2010 - 18:39
Romanian language it is a Romanic language with some slaves words.First you do a thing like this be informed, Romanians have like 80% Romanic words, and if you don't know what romanic is, it refers to ancient Rome.Yes that's right Dacia was colonized by Rome avbou 1900 years ago.So Romanian language i repet is a Romanic language not a slav language
#22 - Marin Adrian Catalin - 09/09/2010 - 05:07
Not entirely historically correct, but it almost gets to it. Otherwise very nice project!
#23 - Freeman - 09/09/2010 - 11:12
Slavs are not ancestors to Romanians. They are the only country in the region that is not Slavic, with a unique heritage, culture, and Latin language. If anything Romanians are more Germanic and Italian. Hence the name "ROMA"nia. Please check your facts.
#24 - Alexandra - 09/09/2010 - 19:19
Alexander didnt take on Sparta because he didnt have to, and because he respected them, not because they were superior. Sparta was a long way from its peak by then.

Nice site tho.
#25 - Kevin - 09/09/2010 - 22:28
Rhodes is blue (hellenic )! not brown (turkish) !
these details are critical .!
#26 - Polydoros - 09/10/2010 - 08:17
A huge amount of info presented very well. Obviously an enormous amount of work went into it.
#27 - James - 09/10/2010 - 13:29
Your mouse-over for Belgium says "Belguim"
Might want to correct that.
Great site nonetheless!
#28 - Me - 09/10/2010 - 14:04
I appreciate all of the comments, including the criticisms and the compliments. There are certainly some flaws, since I have tried to provide a comprehensive look at the entire history of Europe. But I am especially grateful to hear from those who have expressed their enjoyment in using this interactive map. Despite its flaws, I know there is nothing out there quite like this, and some of your comments perfectly encapsulate what I was trying to accomplish with this project.
#29 - Casey - 09/10/2010 - 14:43
Great site, but i found i minor mistake, the description of modern Lithuania is incorrect, it is not inhabited by Latvians it is inhabited by Lithuanians :)
#30 - NoName - 09/10/2010 - 16:43
Wow, great presentation. Fun and educational. Well done!
#31 - Colin - 09/11/2010 - 14:38
a fascinating and concise history of Europe with many interesting points of view, well written and addictive to those of us who love history. As a Brit, the decline of the Empire added much to my understanding of where we are today and how much we all still owe to our past. I think that is what history is all about. Thanks
#32 - paul london - 09/11/2010 - 19:49
I love it! It's unrealistic for such a broad project to be universally pleasing in every last detail, especially since so much of history is debatable. That said, you've done a brilliant job, I spent 5 hours on this site and I'd be glad spend another 5.
#33 - Alex - 09/11/2010 - 21:45
Iceland was settled in 874 by Norwegian settlers. 1262-1264 did Iceland become a part of the Norwegian Kingdom.

If you do not fix this, we will unleash the wrath of Eyjafjallaj
#34 - Iceland - 09/11/2010 - 22:37
No Australian forces recognized during WWI? It is generally accepted that Australia's General Monash with his innovative tactics actually brought the war to a close.
#35 - Para Port - 09/11/2010 - 23:56
The Minoan civilization's mystery facinates me!
#36 - Me - 09/12/2010 - 00:20
Great site ! littlebit different with the Hungarian history as far as I know, but maybe because of the different descriptions in different sources from acient history. Great work !
#37 - Botond - 09/12/2010 - 16:36
very wrong map, where are the future romanian states(Valachia, Moldavia and Transilvania)from 1240 to 1816...
#38 - dragos - 09/12/2010 - 18:41
how come i can't find iceland on the map?
#39 - Yrsa - 09/12/2010 - 18:56
incredible site :D:D:D
#40 - abby - 09/12/2010 - 19:01
This is a terrific and well designed website. Kudos to its author(s)! Understandingly, mistakes can occur. The synapsis regarding Christopher Columbus for the 1350-1505 period pertinent to Spain mistakenly says he's a native of Portugal, and not from the city-state of Genoa, his birthplace and original hometown.
#41 - Se - 09/12/2010 - 20:26
Can I squeeze my cute butt in here just to to say I love this site.
#42 - Bornbad - 09/12/2010 - 21:54
#9 - Zoltan - 09/08/2010 - 07:34

man, you suck, moldavia was NEVER under the kingdom of read a book, don't just stare at fake maps!
#43 - baktun - 09/13/2010 - 03:29
Appreciate the effort put in this, but can't but express my regret to factual errors on the part I know the best - parting of Yugoslavia.

It's really unclear to me how economic issues had to do with collapse of the SFRJ (YU). As much as I remember after the golden days in 70's, things were only getting a lot, lot better by the end of the 80's. Standard was peaking by the 1989 and nobody would ever go into war over economy at that time. But JNA (Yugosla People's Army) did go to the northern (Slovenian) borders after it's declaration of independence to gain back access to customs revenue. The war only lasted 6 days, since most of non-serb recruits deserted from service. So, the army became serb-only.
And the only reason it moved to Croatia and Bosnia and Hercegovina was because of the plan called Greater Serbia ("Wherever there's a serbian grave it is Serbia" idea).
And no, UN troops were not sent into Croatia to protect Serbs although they did act that way. There was really no need, since croatian serbs were heavily armed and backed up by JNA while there was embargo on weapons export to Croatia imposed by UN.
#44 - Treb - 09/13/2010 - 07:50
No mention of the Revolutions of 1848?
#45 - mkspassov - 09/13/2010 - 10:18
Nice!!! so glad i stumbled upon this. thanks stumble!!!
#46 - Bryce - 09/13/2010 - 21:01
Establishment history and archaeology is bunk, bunk, bunk
#47 - Ragnarok - 09/13/2010 - 22:40
A terrific educational site to which I suspect I will return again and again. Thank you for putting it all together.
And thanks to StumbleUpon for pointing me in this direction.
#48 - Swisstoons - 09/13/2010 - 23:30
The putative Balto-Slavic common origins is a Victorian Era kludge. Modern linguistics emphasizes that the Baltic and Slavic similarities are due to two separate periods of isoglossal community interrupted, possibly, by the Gothic expansion. Baltic lnaguages are just as close to Germanic as to Slavic but the map does not use a Balto-Germano-Slavic node, which would be the same as the common PIE in any case (though Germanic may be a hybrid).
#49 - meika - 09/14/2010 - 02:34
Minor correction: The Yalta conference after WW2 was attended by Roosevelt and not Eisenhower as the US' head of state.
#50 - Madhav - 09/14/2010 - 08:08
Lithuanian demographics says it has 84.smth % LATVIAN. Supposed to be Lithuanian:)
#51 - weirdnoises - 09/14/2010 - 08:12
"Kosovo war" - nice history brought by television, far from true.
was impressed until saw that.
#52 - Serb - 09/14/2010 - 08:52
In the Middle Ages, the dominion of the Holy Roman Empire was but a claim. In fact, northern Italy was a set of independent republics.
#53 - Malapata - 09/15/2010 - 06:30
Awesome site!
One remark from me: What about the gypsies (Romanies, Roms) who originated from the Indian subcontinent and emigrating towards nowadays Europe???
#54 - nbs - 09/15/2010 - 08:16
Alexnader the "Great" did not really conquer India. He raided a corner of India, but was scared to take on the Magadha empire and turned back.
#55 - Ram - 09/15/2010 - 10:17
Really well done site...wish history was taught to us this way, would have understood the world wars far better!
#56 - A - 09/16/2010 - 10:49
slavs have nothing to do with albanians! albanians come directly from illyrians!
#57 - gjoni - 09/16/2010 - 11:34
Everyone who made "corrective" statements to this website are idiots unable to embrace the time and research that was placed on creating such an educational and historical website. This is an amazing website, giving me the desire to further study the development of Europe and Iraq (where my daughter severed as a Marine). If you feel there are corrections that need to be made create your own time consumed website and let us all find faults with yours. Shame on you, at least this website wets the appetite.
#58 - Breck - 09/16/2010 - 16:40
It seems this map lack information on the South Caucasian countries of Georgia and Armenia, sometimes joining them with Russia for no reason, at others - omitting them altogether.
#59 - Hmm - 09/17/2010 - 03:51
Very interesting but with many, many mistakes. For example: Alexandar the Great King of Macedonia is not Greek. The Alexandara is Macedonian, the Kingdom is Macedonian, they concord the greek(you wrote it self). Must put the Macedonian's on the map separatly from greeks. It's completly different nations. Also ptolomeis (Ptolomaic) are not greeks. It's original Macedonian tribe.
#60 - Goran London - 09/17/2010 - 12:44
macedonia is not greek.
#61 - macedonian pride - 09/17/2010 - 13:44
Macedonia.Very nice country.Nice food!!! Better than here....
#62 - George from Rhodes - 09/17/2010 - 16:25
Albanians have nothing to do with Slavs, Illyrians are ancestors of Albanians. You got error where it says Slavs are ancestors of Albanians. You can check it out there are facts that prove that...and disprove the other about Slavs - Albanians theorem.
#63 - B_O - 09/17/2010 - 22:48
Macedonia and Greece
its like
Sun and Moon

Two different things.

So many mistakes!
You should delete this!!!
#64 - Superstarpizza - 09/18/2010 - 02:15
I'm Macedonian, my parents call there self Macedonians, my grandparents call there self grandparents - grandparents were calling there self Macedonians etc.....different from Greeks in everything. Greece, Bulgaria, Albania after Balkan wars gained parts from Macedonia ... so next time when you will be in north part of Greece, know that you are in Macedonian, part that Greece toke from us.
#65 - Petar - 09/18/2010 - 11:12
Really interesting and well done.

Unfortunately there is one significant problem with reference to Ireland. For whatever reason Ireland is referred to as "the island of Ireland" or the Scotti moved from "Northern Ireland".

Both of these terms are politically loaded. Prior to partition, a political act to divide a nation for purely political reasons, Ireland was one country and to most Irish and of Irish descent remains one country in all but political terms.

Even if you choose to ignore this it is wholly inaccurate to refer to use the term "island of Ireland" ( a very recently invented term, do we say the island of Australia?) and capitalising "Northern" Ireland also gives the impression to the reader that in 500 AD Ireland was divided in any way except tribally.

Excellent presentation but these corrections are needed.
#66 - Brian - 09/18/2010 - 15:16
Oh and yes Alexander was Macedonian, his father was Philip of Macedon. Our idea of "Greece" was numerous city states. It might simplify matters but as I explained with reference to Ireland, simplifying things often makes for big mistakes.
#67 - Brian - 09/18/2010 - 15:20
The explanation for the reasons behind the partitioning of Ireland are also incorrect. It does not refer to the Plantation of Ireland in the 17th Century nor does it explain that the Unionist (pro-British) leader, Edward Carson realised that the proposed 9 counties of Ulster which were to form the partitioned northern statelet would not have had a sustainable Unionist majority hence only 6 of the counties remaining in the "U"K.
#68 - Brian - 09/18/2010 - 18:52
You are wrong Alexander the Great was MACEDONIAN not greek. in the ancient sources we only find him as Macedonian not as greek. the same as with the ancient Macedonians. even the ancient greek and roman historians spoke of the ancient Macedonians as a separate nation than its neighbours the Illyrians Thracians and Hellens.
#69 - Bojan - 09/18/2010 - 19:12
There will always be someone complaining that his grand-grand-grandfather's house was burnt down and his goat taken by some deserted Ottoman soldiers half a century ago and such an important historical event was omitted from the map but as far as any reasonable person goes this is one well-executed complex and time-consuming project. It is a fascinating site and real joy to use. I admire the effort you put into it. Thank you!

And for those who insist on how different we are from each other here is the answer: Our ancestors came from Africa 50,000 years ago which makes us all, hmmm...well, Africans. There you go. Problem solved.
#70 - Emil - 09/19/2010 - 05:52
Amazing work, really absorbing.
A small correction: On Map 235-490AD, "Eastern Roman Empire": "Byzantine" does not mean "Empire of the Romans" in Greek at all. Byzantium was the name of the small village where emperor Constantine established his new capital, later known as Constantinople or Istanbul. Actually the term "Byzantine" is modern, the byzantines were just calling themselves "Roman" plain and simple.
#71 - Homo Historicus - 09/19/2010 - 08:36
Ilyrians are not ancestors of Albanians. Ilyrians are the ancestors of the Yugoslavs. Today's Albanians showed up in Europe in 18th century.
#72 - macedonian - 09/19/2010 - 11:05
Ilyrians are not ancestors of modern Albanians. They might be one of the components of the ethno-genesis but modern Albanians were moved to the Balkans by the Byzantine Empire from the area Albania to the south of Caspian Sea during the Middle Ages. Not even one modern nation originates directly from an ancient one (including modern Greeks).
Are there any references that this site uses??? Consult ancient sources and objective historians but not Wikipedia.
#73 - Archaeologist - 09/19/2010 - 12:31

You can't delete MACEDONIANS from the face of the Earth. NEVER!- EVER!
#74 - Tomi - 09/19/2010 - 18:38
The comments are fascinating because they show how much this history -- some of it pretty ancient -- still resonates.

Broad brush history always has and always will simplify to the edge and even over the edge of being wrong.
#75 - Alice - 09/19/2010 - 23:48
Alexander the great was not Greek. He was Macedonian that conquered ancient Greece. You have mistake in your web site
#76 - MK - 09/20/2010 - 05:00
Alexander the Great was not Greek.. He was Macedonian who understood that hellenic culture was in that time more advanced(unfortunately the present greek culture stayed on the level of hellenic culture in 300 B.C.) and he was spreading it around the World..
But for sure he was NOT greek..

Please do change that fact..He was MACEDONIAN..
Except of that the site it pretty educational..
Nenad Copenhagen
#77 - nenadkrstevski - 09/20/2010 - 07:16
There has been a lot of opposition to the idea that Alexander the Great was "Greek", or that his ancient Kingdom of Macedon was Hellenistic (i.e. referring to Greek culture/civilization). There is little doubt that Macedon was Hellenistic, although it was at the northern fringes of the Greek world. Alexander's Macedon spoke a dialect of the ancient Greek language, and they considered themselves to be part of the Hellenistic world. When Alexander conquered most of the known world, he spread the Greek language and culture. Macedon certainly differentiated themselves in various ways from other Greek political entities, but they were still "Greek" in the same sense as the Athenians and Spartans, and other distinct political entities of the ancient greek world. Fleshing out all of the nuances and complexities of the Macedonian/Greek question is beyond the scope of this project. But it does accurately portray that Alexander of Macedon did spread Hellenization to the known world, and that it had largely blended in to the rest of the Greek world by the Roman conquests. Macedonians were no longer a distinct nation by this time. Throughout history, various groups would claim to be the heirs of Alexander's Macedonia, but the evidence does not strongly support this. It is known that the Slavs from the north migrated to the region during the Middle Ages, and imposed a strong and permanent imprint on the region. To this day, the Macedonian language is Slavic in origin. Modern Macedonians clearly have a strong Slavic genetic imprint as well, although they do also share genetic commonalities with modern Greeks and Bulgarians as well.
#78 - Casey - 09/20/2010 - 14:33
Come on, did you 'carved' a Macedonian to see whether he has Slavic genetic imprint?
We don't have anything common with Greeks - it is so obvious (they are like Brazilians(i mean blacker than Macedonians, no offense).
You openly supported Greek side , and that's a fact...and you have right to have your own opinion of course, but you have to say that it is your opinion.
If you are objective then you have to present both sides of the 'coin' (to put the Macedonian view, not only Greek).
#79 - Macedon - 09/20/2010 - 17:00
Casey we see your look of things and I think that idea was to simplifying site because space, understandung etc. But obviously that way is wrong. it was couple of facts which are totaly oposite with yours.
1. Macedonian kingdom in time of Philip II of Macedon and Alexandar the great NEVER HAS BEEN a city like all others helenic city-states. Is allways was a kingdom and very big kingdom.
2. Once again, they concord all greek cities except Sparta. Demosten in his speaches wrote that Alexandar is barbarian and all helenic must fight against him.
3. I think in Macedonia in that time was spoke language which are different then hellenic. Which lenguge spoke Alexandar when the concord the world is questionable because we have a small of evidence keep safe.
4. Grek/Greece as a term is appears in the begining of 19th century, that means artificial make conections with hellenic, Аlexandar, anciеnt world. In oposite Macedonia exist all the time, starting with bible.
5. Pela the born city of Alexandar and capital of Kingdom of Macedon is placed in northen part of present Greece, very close to Republic of Macedonia border. This area till 1912 when Macedonia is divided of three parts, NEVER, NEVER, NEVER belongs of Greece of any Hellenic city, state or whatever.... Is allways belongs of Macedonians. On this area allways and now live populations which declares him self as a Macedonians, spoke Macedonian language, all places have Macedonian toponims. How is possible to Alexander to be greek.
6. Regarding the Slavs, and modern Macedonians origin is litle funny and stupid to think that 2000 "slavs" who came from "north" concord 1 000 000 people who leaves on Macedonia teritory. Also Kiril and Metodij which are authors of Kirilica and all "slavs" language are born in Solun, now Thessaloniki. Who is so brave to tell from where came modern Macedonian language.
7. On the end, in Greek language is no name Aleksandar. That is Macedonian origin.

It's lot of fact which should be disscus but space are litle and this is no place for something like this. But to tell that Alexander the Great is belongs only to Greece and not to modern Macedoina discriminatory, offensive and totaly unfair.

Best regards.
#80 - Goran London - 09/20/2010 - 20:04
Nice site, pretty useful, but not detailed enough... i should notice 'cause im from Serbia and u did miss a bit...
but like i said good site!
#81 - Marko - 09/20/2010 - 20:15
This is a wonderful undertaking. Preciseness of all of the facts notwithstanding it presents a global perspective that I found to be very educational. Congratulations for the effort.
#82 - Bego - 09/21/2010 - 01:38
Ilyrians (albanians) and greeks are the oldest nation in balkan peninsula,
#83 - Mbreti - 09/21/2010 - 03:05
Alex- Ander (Alex-ander was a common name at a time (Greek meaning as a defender) and Ander (Meaning Dream in Albanian) All historical facts shows that Alexander was Greek and his Mother was Illyrian- Albanian.
Place of birth Pela (Albanian meaning female horse)
With all respect to todays Slavic Macedonians, why last 5-10 years you are so shame to call your self Slavic, you always pretend to be Slavic! What happened to you?!
Pretending that Kiril and Metodij are the inventors of Slavic alphabet is true, but that dos not mean that they are Creators of Slavic people! That theory will have to prove that all Slavic (including Russians) people are with origin from Thessaloniki!
If someone teaches you that you have changed your language because of Kiril and Medotij thats wrong, ask your self why Geeks and Albanians kept it same! They accept orthodox teaching and religion but never change their native language! The native nations from this region show respect to all of you when you moved here from Karpatia, so return respect to your neighbors! Be realistic stop believing in your Mentors that teach you wrong, you can not change history and thats a fact!
#84 - Illyrian - 09/21/2010 - 14:04
Goran - You have made some good points. Certainly, Macedon was the largest of the ancient Greek political entities. The presentation does show that Alexander was the king of Macedon, but I think it is clear that ancient Macedonians fell under the Greek umbrella, just as the Middle Age Bavarians and Austrians were still part of the larger "German" nation ("nation" referring to a group of people with a shared identity, based on common culture, language, etc.). He competed in the Greek olympics, he claimed himself to be Greek. His father did create a kingdom of unprecedented proportions in the "north", but did so by consolidating Greek city-states in the region. It is clear that the culture spread throughout Asia by his conquests was of a decidedly Greek character. His language was a little different, but it was still a branch off of the Greek family of languages. I have not seen compelling evidence that "Macedonians" have remained a distinct people and culture, spanning the time between Alexander the Great and the modern nation-state of Macedonia. "Graecus" is a term that originated during Roman times, referring to the "Greek" people. Before this (including in Alexander's day), they referred to themselves as Hellenes. So the modern notion of "Greek" is not a recent invention. All the evidence suggests that massive waves of Slavs migrated south from the Slavic homeland in the north. It would have been far more than 2000 people. In fact, the Slavs overwhelmed the inhabitants of the heart of the Balkan peninsula. The Slavic language did not originate in modern Greece. It originated in the north, in the area of modern Russia/Ukraine (after splitting from the Baltic people along the Baltic Sea).
#85 - Casey - 09/21/2010 - 14:41
"Alexander the great was not Greek. He was Macedonian" How funny... okay, and who were "Macedonians" in Alexander's time??? (as if you current "macedonians" have anything to do with them...)
#86 - COOL69 - 09/21/2010 - 19:01
have you ever heard about Macedonians??????
#87 - goccce - 09/21/2010 - 20:06
Ancient Macedonians as Aleksandar Of Macedonia(The Great)were not Greeks.They did not spoke ancient Greek language
In the history it is written that great Greek orators were naming Aleksandar of Macedonia(The Great)as a barbarian because he was not Greek.
At the time Greece did not existed,only cities like Athens


#88 - Aleksandar - 09/22/2010 - 04:39
please search more and don't write from every place. base to fact's. And ALBANIANS are descent to ILLYRIANS...gave me fact's if i'm wrong
#89 - illyria - 09/22/2010 - 08:02
MACEDONIA and MACEDONIANS existed from the ancient times till today !

MACEDONIA is bibble land !
#90 - Macedonian - 09/22/2010 - 16:10
I bellive that even in modern days it is dangerous to speak about history. This shows how one little spark can do great damage. Macedonians, Greeks... Ilirans, what does it matter when there is no quality of life.
Does it matter Alexander is Greek or not when there are bunch of protests there, the economy is ruining... or Macedonian where there are people that haven't eat in days, whit already ruined economy. Does it really matter ???
Do you think that nationalism will feed you all?
Think again before It can become to late!!!
#91 - Lazar - 09/22/2010 - 16:49
Divide & Conquer, every country creates its own subjective history for survival reasons...very nice site, and good effort Casey...(Rhodes is blue since March 7 1948 ;))

#92 - Dinos - 09/22/2010 - 18:59
Great idea, awful knowledge!
Just 2 biggest mistakes.
1.You say "Alexander conquered all Greece" and in the same time you say "He is Greek" Well I haven't heard for a nation that conquered itself?!
2.You say Macedonia and Bulgaria "successfully revolt from Ottoman Empire". Bulgaria yes, but Macedonia never revolt from Ottoman Empire. In 1913 in Balkan wars Macedonia change its Ottoman slavery to slavery of Greece, Serbia and Bulgaria. Macedonia successfully revolt from Serbia in 1991. It is only 38% of its occupied territory.
#93 - Alexandar - 09/22/2010 - 19:25
Dear Casey,

Please saw or read interveiw of former US STATE SECRETARY Lorens Iglberger make for NTV television in the face of General Asembly of UN for the truth about MACEDONIA. "It's final time to tell truth about Macedonia and fake claims of Greece that Macedonia and Alexandar of Macedon belongs of Greece". Do you think that US STATE SECRETARY is wrong, or maybe, do not know istorical facts? Everithing about Macedonia till now is ONE BIG LIE serve from "european big countries" and now must keep in live those lies.
But truth allways win!!!!

#94 - Goran London - 09/23/2010 - 17:55

I forgot the site. Please translate from Macedonian. It's good to know Macedonian....
#95 - Goran London - 09/23/2010 - 17:59
i love this site, it is gr8.i am taking a history class,in early Middle ages, where the Franks and Muslims r at war with each other. in the 600's a.d where islam has been trying to take over for many many years now. hummmm.the war started with King Clovis, an the maps r gr8 to have thxs all.
#96 - Loran - 09/25/2010 - 01:05
this is a great map and i wish i had enough time to finish reading it tonight, but the rest will have to wait, i just have one question, since when is Iceland not in Europe,there is very little mentioning of it there, and just want to point out that the old norse peope are the ancestors of icelanders... but other then that great job
#97 - Jiaph - 09/27/2010 - 18:45
Makedonija is Makedonija.
Greece is Greece.
Deal with it.
#98 - Makedon - 10/04/2010 - 08:50
this is a fantastic study tool!
#99 - Tate A - 10/12/2010 - 16:25
nice job :D
#100 - mmmhm - 10/14/2010 - 10:52
awesome work
#101 - european - 10/16/2010 - 08:40
Awesome work. A must see, I wish I had this in my school days. Thanks for the effort.
#102 - DavidR - 10/19/2010 - 23:47
Th is awful. There are so many discrepancies in the text. What\'s the part about Germany unsuccessfully INVADING England in World War 2 and Allied JETS carpet bombing cities??? It is a very cool site but they need to get their facts correct.
#103 - John - 10/20/2010 - 17:08
John - I did include the Battle of Britain, where Germany unsuccessfully invaded the UK. I also included the Battle of Berlin, and generally showed how the Allies moved into and through Germany. However, I did not provide details, such as the indiscriminate carpet bombing, which would have been useful to add, as you suggest.
#104 - Casey - 10/21/2010 - 14:09
Thanks for all the hard work Casey, great site. I must say these comments give me a new respect for the diplomacy work done in the Balkans, what a touchy bunch.
#105 - GG - 10/21/2010 - 16:34
Actually it was Gergia back in 2008 who attack and kill civilian osetians. Read this

Also, BSSR, Ucraine SSR - all the same USSR country, not like colonies.

Very propagandist site...
#106 - Dima - 10/22/2010 - 03:31

The Germans never even got the chance to "unsuccessfully" invade Britain, Operation Sealion never came to fruition. The Battle of Britain was an air battle, not a land based invasion. Perhaps this is just a different interpretation of the word "invasion" but for me, invasion means actual troops attempting to take another independent State's territory, not planes bombing airfields and cities.

this is still for the large part a great site. Great work!
#107 - Ian - 10/27/2010 - 17:35
This is a really amazing site, thank you for all of your effort. I\'m sure there are some errors and approximations, but the only people who are getting upset about these are nationalist idiots. This map really shows us how we are all related, and how arbitrary and senseless the tactics and categories used to divide humanity are. By coming on here to complain that your ancestors are misrepresented only reveals your own foolishness and partisanship. Casey- this is wonderful, and I\'m sure the world would appreciate one of these done for any other region (especially the middle east!).
#108 - Daniel - 10/30/2010 - 16:58
You are probably American, there is so many mistakes. Sorry, but complaining about errors is not nationalism it is science. I try to correct at least some mistakes considering my country, Finland, which is not in Scandinavia.

Forefathers of modern Finns came here in several waves. First came right after ice age. People came in several waves for thousands of years. Around 3 200 BC came Indoeuropean Corded Ware culture which took over Western and Southern Finland. Other Finland was inhabited by Fenno-Ugric population which mixed with corded ware people only much later on Iron Age.

There was simply NO movement around 2 000 BC. Where did you get these laughable claims?

Everywhere there is so many mistakes that I think you should learn much more about history and probably read non-American history books before attempting to do something like this. You should just delete this.
#109 - Olli Juntunen - 10/31/2010 - 02:49
numbers for WWII are far from true. In Jasenovac conc camp in NDH was killed ~700000 people, mostly Serbs, some gypsy, jews and croats. Here is written that just over 1 mil people were killed in Yugoslavia.
It is sad that people still write stuff like that
#110 - SP - 11/02/2010 - 00:47
Wow, this site is very interesting. I get there are a few mistakes, but all in all the general scope of this site is so vast that I am willing to disregard a few inaccuracies provided that work is continued on this site. I have great respect for its creator as I do not have the patience nor the knowledge to commit to such a project. Thank you.
#111 - Kristopher - 11/02/2010 - 16:11
Very interesting but with many, many mistakes. For example: Alexandar the Great King of Macedonia is not Greek. The Alexandara is Macedonian, the Kingdom is Macedonian, they concord the greek(you wrote it self). Must put the Macedonian's on the map separatly from greeks. It's completly different nations. Also ptolomeis (Ptolomaic) are not greeks. It's original Macedonian tribe.
#112 - shapewear - 11/03/2010 - 09:36
Olli Juntunen - This figure (estimate of number of people killed in Yugoslavia during WWII) is based on a recent study by Vladimir Zerjavic:
If you have better information, then please share.
#113 - Casey - 11/04/2010 - 18:18
Bulgarians didn't come from the invading Huns. They have always been in the Balkans and are ancestors of the Thracians. Bulgaria is the oldest contemporary country in Europe.
#114 - John - 11/04/2010 - 23:49
sort out the Welsh history please guys, it's a very embarrasing hole in an otherwise good site. Please rectify this.
#115 - clak - 11/06/2010 - 03:30
I am not an expert on Balkan issues, but the real number of deaths from Yugoslavia is very difficult to to get, because we know that after the war communists exaggerated number of deaths. On the other hand, also Croatians have these days their reasons to downplay the number. I think that the truth is somewhere in between, although probably closer to Croatian numbers, because they have to at least defend their numbers instead of destroying counterarguments with censorship.
#116 - Olli Juntunen - 11/07/2010 - 19:35
Though Romanized, Wales and Cornwall did manage to hang on to their language and much of their culture to this day. Just a little annoying to read what's written in the Britannia section up there.
#117 - Brent - 11/08/2010 - 00:34
A very needful web site. I didn't know geography so well but with this site help I'll know it finally.
#118 - Donna - 11/11/2010 - 07:20
Is there some way to remove the fat lady ad for Acai berries from the margin, I cannot show this in class.
#119 - Angela Doolin - 11/14/2010 - 14:21
Interesting project, let down a little - as has been pointed out - by historical inaccuracies. England was not without a King from the execution of Charles I to the Glorious Revolution of 1688. Charles II was welcomed back to the throne in 1660 I think you'll find.
#120 - Andy D - 11/18/2010 - 14:02
Dear oh dear - A nice attempt, but a lot of error.

Example: Sweden was neutral during WW2, but Finland was not. 1939-40, Finland was brutally attacked by the Soviet Union, which was then allied with Nazi-Germany (The Molotov-Ribbentrop pact). Later in the war Finland joined forces with Nazi Germany against the Soviet Union to capture territory lost during the first phase of the war.
#121 - Matt - 11/21/2010 - 11:12
lol at macedonian #72... brain-washed now aren\'t we? this isn\'t a site to express hate you morons. history has been changed and made full of errors because of ignorant people like you. and because you are filled with hatred it is why those countries in the Balkans will never ever get along. i know where i come from, and i love my people and the history behind it, but oh my, would i ever want to become so ignorant towards other people? first of all, i\'d suggest some of you to read evolution books and get some knowledge there first, and when we come to the point that we all come from the same species, would it really matter? why don\'t you enjoy your lives without having to spoil others\'. isn\'t there enough racism and nationalism all around the world? wouldn\'t you feel sad looking at a picture of a dying baby, either cause of war, or hunger? would it matter where he/she is from, really? wake up!
btw respect for the site and the map and the effort xx
#122 - LOL - 11/22/2010 - 14:32
As an ABD student who occasionally likes to think I know a thing or two, I am amazed at this project.

Thank you. At first I could only imagine this being an undertaking by a whole class.
#123 - Dave - 11/30/2010 - 01:56
This is the greatest discovery I've made on the internet. Thank you!
#124 - Mer - 12/06/2010 - 13:28
Illyrians were Slavic tribe.Squiptars or Albanians came to Balkans in 1043. AD when Gheorge Maniac was fighting Byzanthine Empire,moving Albanians from Sicily,where they came together with Arabic conquest of Mediterranean.Thracians/Dacians,Etruscans and Scythians were also Slavic tribes.Much of Europe's history was forged by The Berlin Congress in 1878. making it more suitable for the Great Powers.Part of this forgery is this ridicilous theory of Albanians being Illyrian descendants,making Albania their "playing card" in Balkans.
#125 - Danube - 12/12/2010 - 18:21
Despite some inaccuracies (Charlemagne was not a King but an Emperor for instance - a King for a Kingdom and an Emperor for an Empire)and omissions (Crusades were started by the Franks and middle eastern Kingdoms created by the Frankish Crusaders were ruled by local Frankish Kings for almost 2 centuries -as an other example). Many more to mention anyway.
Otherwise, it\'s pretty good stuff.
#126 - Eric - 01/10/2011 - 12:53
First it's not FYROM, it's Macedonia! please Respect to Macedonian nation.
#127 - Berg - 01/30/2011 - 05:37
@Casey - excellent work! Your broad stroke approach to history seems to have upset a few, but overall it expresses your point very well. There may be a few contextual errors, but it seems you realize that at this point most of the complaints are based on nationalism and how history is taught in respective countries.

@the haters - cut the guy a break. He's not here to catalog a complete history of your country, and just because the history he used does not agree with your own country's interpretation of historical events does not necessarily mean he is incorrect. He has obviously taken his fact from widely accepted sources, and you need to understand that your own local history may NOT be representative of those sources.
#128 - now3p - 02/17/2011 - 21:50

I am certain the author meant no offense, and was simply stating that Macedonia is a great Hellenistic civilization next to Greece, which Greece later conquered.

I am not sure how it differs in language, culture and politics, but I know that if someone called Canada America I would probably be upset as well.

Also, this is the best site I have ever stumbled upon, ever, in the history of stumbling.

#129 - meeee - 02/23/2011 - 05:07
wow, what an extraordinarily large project for one person to undertake! well done, casey!
i find it interesting how most of the complaints about this are quite insignificant clarifications regarding modern eastern european countries, their cultural distinctions, and their borders, which tend to shift around every few years or so... that\'s not to say it would be impossible to document such information in a format like this, it\'s just that the scope of this project is 3000 years! i don\'t know, maybe it\'s hard to see reason when you\'ve lost your head in an emotional expression of nationalism
#130 - tim - 02/28/2011 - 23:21
Very cool map!
Just a few notes, the bubonic plague was caused by Yersinia pestis, which is a bacteria, not a virus (under the church heading). Also, it is not carried by rats, but by fleas. This is a popular misconception, owing to the obvious association.
#131 - anonymous - 02/28/2011 - 23:54
Pigmentation caused by living in the cold,changed the black race to white? Now that is a stretch.
#132 - willowhawk - 03/02/2011 - 19:38
the one who did this map is an absolute idiot. i am a romanian and from my point of view your history is really off truth and facts.
#133 - the latin - 03/17/2011 - 16:48
I absolutely love this site. Thank you for creating.
#134 - Teri - 03/21/2011 - 10:06
Alexander Macedon the greek?
This web site is just another greek propaganda...
#135 - Samuel1 - 03/31/2011 - 08:39
As for the enabling factors of Viking raids, you are repeating the erroneous story presented by the Catholic Church. The one single factor which started the raiding was the brutal conquering/slaughtering expansion of Charlemagne on behalf of the Catholic Church. He failed in conquering the Norsemen though, but initiated the Swedes, Norwegians and Danes hitting back with the same brutality which they had been exposed to by the pope\'s lackey.
Statements like: \"The Scandinavians were not inhibited by culture or religion that inhibited pillaging\", is plain BS created by the Catholic Church, which itself has a grotesque history of murderous pillaging.
And, to keep on repeating such Vatican BS about the Norsemen as historical fact, is a display of plain ignorance at the least.
#136 - Brandulph Christophersen - 04/24/2011 - 11:57
I just would like to say that Portugal was never part of the French Napoleonic Empire.
Thank you
#137 - Luis - 04/24/2011 - 14:52
And how exactly am I supposed to look at this without wanting to play Rome or Medieval Total War? Grrrr. Fantastic work.
#138 - Charlie - 04/27/2011 - 18:43
there are some mistakes, for instance, where is Andorra?
#139 - lol - 04/28/2011 - 12:05
i don't know where you got your information on Ireland, and the north of Ireland and in particular the so called 'troubles' but the majority of your points are factually wrong! firstly it wasnt a catholic versus protestant thing, it was nationalist/republican versus unionist/loyalist.. The Provisional IRA fought for the freedom and RE-UNIFICATION of Ireland as their MAIN AIM. Also you have said irish catholics carried out acts of terrorism, again you are wrong! they were acts of self defense intially as away of fighting back against oppressive government backed murder squads that were running riot on the streets of places like belfast.. I could continue with the inaccuracy of your small piece on the north of Ireland but quite frankly you have annoyed me to much! get your facts right before you publish this crap!
#140 - na hOglaigh Abu - 04/28/2011 - 16:09
This site is Love. for the hardcore AP European.
#141 - Love - 04/28/2011 - 20:08
It seems like a pretty good site but where's the information about Hitler's suicide? That was a key piece of World War II.
#142 - Anonymous User - 05/04/2011 - 23:17
just looked at the UK,1989-now: the Church of England is not the state religion of the
UK and never has been.
#143 - robert - 05/06/2011 - 22:11
If some of you were not biased and wanted to know the trouth you can find it in the books of (the father of history) Herodotus (Urania ,5,22,etc) and other ancient historians (Thoukidides,Plutarh,Polyvios,etc).
Herodotus lived before Alexander the Great and gives his family tree.The Macedonian kings came from south Greek city Argos (still exists),thats why they were called Argeade.
All of them ,from Karanus (808-778 BC) to Alexander the Great(the 3rd ,336-323 BC)had of course greek names etc with etymology roots which can easily understood with modern greek (not like kimono :-).
They are about 25 so the story goes very deeply greek to be argued by our north friends from FYROM who could proudly been called Southslavs or whatever does not violate history.
Sorry if things are different than they are tought by todays political games.
But if somebody wants to study the history by the ancient historians (out of the game) and wants to be serious and not victim he should spend some real histoty time.
I give you a link for a start. The whole site is VERY interesting and has many articles in english.
Remember :we talk now about real history ,no todays bullshit.
In google documents also there is a photo of a modern (1939) Afgan bank note with a picture of a coin on it.Its a Macedonian Helenistic coin with the words :Vasilews Megalou Eukratidou ,in GREEK ,so eny modern greek can read it and understand it.
Who conqers the world and makes coins in a language that is not his native?
Of course there are many Macedonian epigrafs on stone or clay which are in greek and NO one in another dilect.
Guys, lets not create a false history and generations of problematic relations.
What you have to do with Fillipos? his name is two words as we use it today.Filos and ippos :the one who likes came in the area just yesterday.The ancient things is our business.Study it.
Thanks and sorry
a greek whose blood is in doubt by you today
We speak about 1500-300 BC,
#144 - gk - 05/09/2011 - 04:29
#145 - Brilliant! - 05/11/2011 - 01:00
Rodos belong to Greece no to Turkey!
#146 - George - 05/14/2011 - 14:31
First of all, you cannot expect from one man to cover thousands of years without making slight mistakes. The overall presentation is excellent.

I will agree with the notion that there are much more significant problems than names both in FYROM (call it Macedonia if you want to, it is your right) and Greece.

I just want to ask a simple question: Does any of you claiming that Macedonians are not Greeks know the etymology of the words Alexander or Philipp?
Philipp= Φίλιππος < Φίλος + ίππος (friend + horse)
Alexander= Αλέξανδρος < αλέξω + ανήρ (help, prevent (v.) + man)

Has anyone ever visited Pella and read the ancient artifacts? What language is found on them?

We all can say random facts with little or none credibility and prolong the dispute eternally, but at least I back my opinion with something scientific and not with the words of a UN official or something I read on a newspaper or a biased schoolbook (there are biased schoolbooks in every country)

Call yourselves what name you will, it\'s your right, but accept some scientific facts for crying out loud.
#147 - Dimitris - 05/14/2011 - 15:52
Turks and Albanians aren't Europeans .
#148 - Euro - 05/25/2011 - 16:48
What about the Welsh who are non existant on this map. Distinctive language, geography and country!
#149 - Jubal - 05/30/2011 - 04:35
The map of Poland is wrong for the period between WWI and WWII.

I think this is the correct map:
#150 - Konrad - 06/02/2011 - 08:36
I think this is wonderful site. It does exactly what it aims for to give an idea how Europe changed through the ages. It is very well done, and it puts all the details into perspective. This big picture throughout the whole of history, is a great attempt to understand how it all happened. Well done. We use it as a reference tool in our education as we working our way through history.
#151 - Irene - 06/22/2011 - 04:21
What about Saxony-Poland? What about Saxony's involvement in the Great Northern War? -.-
#152 - ... - 09/12/2011 - 06:13
Proto-Baltic-Slavs? You guys know that this is just a Hypothesis right?
#153 - Map which states Hypothesis as facts - 09/12/2011 - 07:15
Borders and expansion/movements are good, but theoretical discussion of larger issues is less that stellar...
Otherwise, a nice map.
#154 - Sarge - 10/02/2011 - 22:53
Translated from portuguese wikip
#155 - Manuel Gon - 10/16/2011 - 15:12
this is an awwsome site (;=
#156 - ray - 10/18/2011 - 18:18
there's a big mistake concerning polish borders by inter-war period
#157 - snt - 11/05/2011 - 03:57
Great effort appreciated. Hope you have time and energy to keep improving it. Helps both as a quick reference and food for thought.
#158 - urbananchorite - 11/09/2011 - 10:05
A great idea, and one I have very recently desired (while reading \"Lost Kingdoms\" by Norman Davies).

However, there are so many little errors in the descriptive texts... I\'d like to second Vadim\'s comments about the use of the name \"Ukrainians\". I\'d also like to point out that during the 290BC-235AD period there were no Poles, either - the first Slavs, ancestors of later Poles, came into present-day Poland much later than that, probably around 400-500 AD, and the name \"Poles\" was first used in 10th century. Also, Mieszko, the first Christian ruler of Poland was only a duke, not a king yet - the first king of Poland was his son Bolesław (Boleslaus), crowned 1025.

Advancing towards more modern times, I\'ve found the following about the English Civil War: \"England was left without a monarch until the Glorious Revolution of 1688\" - this is obviously false. The restoration of English monarchy took place soon after Oliver Cromwell\'s death in 1658 - Charles II was crowned in 1660, was replaced in 1685 by his brother James II, and the Glorious Revolution in 1688 was in fact all about *removing* James from the throne in favour of his daughter Mary and her husband William of Orange.
#159 - Szymon - 11/20/2011 - 11:19
Why no statistics on Canadian losses during WW1? On a percentage basis of the total population they were far higher than American losses.
#160 - Lorna Milne - 11/21/2011 - 16:10
interesting ,what is missing are some links to the sources or other stuff about the subject for example on Wikipedia or such ,well done
#161 - Gregxter - 11/22/2011 - 13:47
POLISH PATRIOTS !! never Give UP !!
#162 - Polish - 11/22/2011 - 23:19
amazing. I LOVE this. great general info, but very detailed to. thank you so much for putting this up, and i would very much love to see more of these if at all possible. simply wonderful
#163 - Daniel Elliott - 11/23/2011 - 02:38
I could get lost in this site for hours. to whom ever is responsible I thank you.
#164 - Wesley Jackson - 11/30/2011 - 00:59
bulgars are turkic origin not iranian
#165 - Krum - 12/02/2011 - 14:38
Illyrians at 1300 bc?
You gotta be kiddin man!
#166 - Spiros - 12/02/2011 - 15:58
Nice. Not couning mistake about Lithuania: "Demographics: Latvian 83.4%" Where did Lithuanians go? To Latvia? :)
#167 - Andrius - 12/04/2011 - 03:11
I am just doing some investigation for my book and I look no further regarding the enthnic groups in Europe.
#168 - Daniel - 12/07/2011 - 21:27
#169 - hical - 12/17/2011 - 13:15
Regarding your Black Death comments.... Viruses and bacteria are different types of critters. Knowledge of viruses amongst the general population is not relevant to their understanding of a bacterial disease.
#170 - Jo - 12/19/2011 - 18:47
Love the site... The comments are awesome, proving nationalism is alive and well and Karl Marx was nothing but a dreamer...

Go neanderthals!
#171 - Blue_Blood - 12/19/2011 - 22:23

Your interactive map project is monumental in scope, and the huge investment in time and love you invested is readily apparent.

Your grace in dealing with so many inappropriate, as opposed to constructive, comments speaks volumes of your character. A work of this scope clearly deserves a better class of audience than the intellectual Philistines who have posted such tedious drivel as demonstrated in many of the comments above. I believe it was Dr. George Will who phrased it best, \"The pursuit of perfection often impedes improvement.\"

My compliments on your scholarship and grace. Do continue the excellent quality of your work. With profound thanks for your scholarly gift I remain...

in your debt,
#172 - George P. Farris - 12/20/2011 - 10:36
This is so great....what a nice Christmas present StumbeUpon gave me.
Every Student of American War Movies and Patriotic Parades should be forced to look at the \"Dead Lists\" of the two world wars in order to put our sacrifice into some perspective.
#173 - Gary Lundquist - 12/25/2011 - 11:52
I really like your map site, what a lot of work you put into it. It's a fun and interactive way to learn more about history and migration patterns. I am sad about the mean comments some people make over some minor detail. It's a lot of history to compress down into small windows so they need to get over themselves and appreciate the site for what it is. I applaud you for your stellar and novel site.
#174 - Jennie - 12/26/2011 - 01:50
Although overjoyed at first look, I have to conclusion that this map has some serious flaws. First of all, the kingdom of Serbia, under the rule of tzar Du
#175 - Ivan Vujačić - 12/27/2011 - 08:58
Although overjoyed at first look, I have to conclusion that this map has some serious flaws. First of all, the kingdom of Serbia, under the rule of tzar Du
#176 - Ivan Vujačić - 12/27/2011 - 08:59
The inaccuracies of some of the maps are not limited to the Balkans only, yet this is a valuable resource. I found this site with historic images very interesting as well
#177 - David Bank - 01/10/2012 - 07:43
Excellent presentation. I've never seen any interactive map so encompassing. It's never going to be perfect but it is more than suitable for my students. A great way of making history fun. Well done Casey! Happy to subscribe!
#178 - Aaron- History Teacher - 01/11/2012 - 04:17
This is simply amazing! =)
#179 - Jakob - 01/11/2012 - 05:34
amazing,wonderful and overwise site,really!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!ARW
#180 - arw - 01/12/2012 - 10:40
sorry but this map is incorrect! southtirol belongs at this age to AUSTRIA!!!
#181 - joehons - 01/21/2012 - 18:47
This is absolutely fantastic, thank you sir!
#182 - Dave - 01/23/2012 - 19:31
Why do people insist on judging others' works and then citing Wikipedia, as if it has any credible authority? I can go make any Wiki page agree with this site in about 5 minutes.
#183 - Joewoe - 01/24/2012 - 23:01
Is it wrong that I find it highly amusing how people split themselves up based upon how their ancient ancestor said "friend" in a long dead language compared to how someone else's ancestor said it? There are few things in this world that I say are stupid, but there isn't much sense in throwing a tantrum over whether your ancestors were from Urbino or Milan; they both identify with the Italian culture. If every minority group got the luxury of having their own country, you'd eventually end up in a nation of one, and nothing would ever get done.

So when someone "Ignorantly" generalizes your heritage, take it like the civilized men and women you are and realize their generalization, if it isn't directly intended to be some sort of racial slur or attack (and sometimes if it is too), is probably pretty close.
#184 - Vice of Greed - 01/25/2012 - 00:33
I really enjoyed this site! It was very informative and educational. I shutter to think about the amount of research and time it took to make this lol. Also, to the haters who condemn this site just because of a few insignificant historical inaccuracies; unless you have a scholastic back-round on the stuff your complaining about, I suggest you STFU and stop reading Wikipedia, because you`re more than likely wrong. Like I said before though, awesome site :)
#185 - Wayne - 01/25/2012 - 19:25
Amazing web site! Well done!
#186 - Steve - 01/31/2012 - 06:44
I just wanted to let you know that the Spanish Civil War did not las 8 years, it started on 1936 and ended on 1939.
#187 - espa - 02/09/2012 - 03:16
You should also include the Catalan separatist movement. Catalunya has always been a more "european" part of Spain, and has always had the feeling of not pertaining to Spain. Only because they are not terrorist does not mean they are ok being part of Spain.
#188 - Espa - 02/09/2012 - 03:20
The Postwar Dutch Empire also consisted of:

New Guinea (1962 ceded to Indonesia)
Surinam (1975 became independent country)
#189 - Erick - 02/11/2012 - 14:27
You've utterly underrepresented the events that happenned on the territory of the historical Kingdom of Hungary. This would've been ok if you also did the same for England or Germany, for example.

Some example: Hungary lost a decisive battle in 1526, not 1521. The country itself was never conquered entirely by the Ottomans, only the central part was. The eastern part was the sometimes-independent Transylvania, and the western part was under Habsburg rule.

The breakup of Hungary 1918-21 was not shown in detail like Germany was. In The borders changed a lot between these few years and weren't fixed until 1921.

Between 1938-44 Hungary gained souther Slovakia, northern Transylvania, half of Vojvodina and Prekmurje in Slovenia. This is not shown at all on the map, only the southern SLovakian part is shown.
#190 - csaba - 02/12/2012 - 04:33
Map of Latvia, Lithuania, Poland 1919 - 1939 is wrong. Latvia had border with Poland and Lithuania was smaller. See-
#191 - One Latvian - 02/12/2012 - 08:16
The map project is fun but it\'s superficial and historically speaking, full of mistakes, especially for Eastern Europe, where the Kingdom of Hungary is totally wrong while the Ottoman Empire never included territories north of the Danube as shown on the map. The Principalities of Wallachia and Moldavia were long standing since the 14th c. yet the latter never appears on the map
#192 - stealth30 - 02/22/2012 - 11:55
absolute rubbish, where is your evidence? read this for a more accurate history of 'greece'.
#193 - dandan - 02/24/2012 - 12:06
Thank you for providing a wonderful tool to use. It is a great visual and I have read that you update it a lot. Have you thought about including Doggerland in the timeline? It also helps understand the pre-historical movements of peoples through Europe. And not many people know about it.
#194 - Heather - 03/01/2012 - 14:59
seemed useful...
#195 - Deadmau5 - 03/07/2012 - 17:19
WOW! It\'s a great project! I definitely love it!

Though, there\'s one thing I would like to see, if I may make a suggestion: a reference section. I imagine it\'s time consuming and I definitely don\'t suggest you should build a library, but I\'m thinking that maybe for the beginning you could post there just some major sources, the \"must reads\", the cornerstones of this project (you must have done some serious research for this project), so that people who want to get into further details about various subjects can have a starting point. I know there are some limitations to such an undertaking, but you can just indicate the title, the author(s) and the year, not necessarily provide a link to the file.

Otherwise, keep up the good work!

All the best!
#196 - A curious - 03/07/2012 - 18:01
Very good and informative work. However, the area of South Caucasus is shown incorretly as being outside the boundaries of the USSR. As for the last map, in the same area the map of Georgia is shown but the two neighbouring countries of Armenia and Azerbaijan are not. All three were part of the USSR and gained independence at the same time. Suggest to look them up and include.
#197 - Rouben Galichian - 03/10/2012 - 09:05
UN troops sent to protect Serbs?!?!?!!?! No they were trying to protect (unsuccessfully) unarmed Croatian people
#198 - historian - 03/21/2012 - 03:34
After going through the site details, I can say this is wonderful. History has always fascinated me and European history has its own attraction for the whole World.
#199 - Ajay Mishra - 03/23/2012 - 08:20
illyrians are ancestors of today's albanians.perio!!! it is funny how some ignorant commentators claim illyrians, and even other tribes are slavic.. ahahahahaha funnyyyyy lol... and pure ignorance, but it is not their fault, but their teacher's, who teach them wrong!!! nice site...
#200 - hermond - 03/28/2012 - 08:25
You have to change your map, because the official independent of Portugal was in 1143....much earlier that the date 1230.
#201 - laranja - 03/28/2012 - 19:01
Wowie this is awesome! I loooooovveee this map! GO HISTORY!
#202 - Bertha - 03/29/2012 - 12:43
this site rocks.....''AMAZING''............
#203 - rolss hornal - 03/30/2012 - 06:36
amazing work.. its amazing how people complain about the website.. instead of being constructive and contribute with collective inteligence to better this website!
#204 - luis novo - 04/02/2012 - 12:51
dacian people are missing...
#205 - bobbyray - 04/05/2012 - 10:00

THE FIRST & THE GREATEST EMPIRE of Europe in absolute!!!

Filthy mongrel turds with false "European" history!
#206 - MAKEDON EMPIRE - 04/05/2012 - 16:05
You are way out with your write up on the "vikings". What took place during and after Charlemagne terrorized Europe, was primarily a fight for the trade routes. (Lindisfarne has to be seen in view of Charlemagne's attacs, in the name of the Pope, on Denmark!) The Danes and Scandinavians had been trading with the Mediterranean as early as a.d. 600 (Possibly even earlier. look at Borg in Lofoten!) The Danish invasion of France was most definitely a commercial matter, which secured their access to the Mediterranean from their base "Bj
#207 - Brandulph Christophersen - 04/11/2012 - 13:18
This map would have been really helpful when I was writing the history section of this book... I wish I had stumbled upon this site sooner.
#208 - peircestern - 04/12/2012 - 20:52
In 1915 the Armenian Genocide is a little incorrect. The death toll was between 1 million to 1.5 million, not 500,000.
#209 - tboner - 04/16/2012 - 12:22
Hi, please note that in the 18th century, Denmark established a rule over Greenland. of which they're still enjoying the benefits from (money money money) ;)
#210 - 420 - 04/20/2012 - 12:17
Absolutely outstanding site! If people did not spend so much time here...thy would have never noticed the errors. I've spent quite awhile here, and will again in the future. One small issue...however. Eisenhower did not go to Yalta - Harry S Truman did. Thank you for your site!!!
#211 - Bill McEnery - 05/10/2012 - 22:47
lol. i have to use this for a history homework thing... and there is way to much writing for germany D:
#212 - breyana brown - 05/13/2012 - 19:36
There is a error regarding the Balkan Wars.
According to the map info, Bulgaria gained the Cadrilater from Romania in the First Balkan Wars, but Romania did not participate in that war at all.
Romania got the Cadrilater after attacking Bulgaria by surprise in the Second Balkan War.
#213 - Mihai Amariutei - 05/17/2012 - 15:21
Amazing site.A joy to use.Many thanks for putting the time and effort into creating it - projects like this restore my somewhat fragile faith in humanity!

#214 - John Barker - 05/26/2012 - 18:14
Great site, interesting posts...
In case your still updating:
In the description of the current situation in the Netherlands you mention two political murders. I think it\'s important to note that only the second of these (of the filmmaker van Gogh) was committed by a Muslim extremist. The murder of politician Pim Fortuyn was committed by an animal rights extremist.
#215 - Rens Dam - 05/27/2012 - 04:10
Dubrovnik is part of Croatia, and not part of Bosnia & Herzegovina (1989 - now). Please correct this.
#216 - Jack - 06/08/2012 - 17:52
Amazing site, VERY nice work!
#217 - Dennis - 07/02/2012 - 22:07
I really like the work done via this project. Nevertheless, I feel like contributing to it by pointing at a mistake in the 2008 status for each country ( one of the last maps ), in regards to the description of Belgium. The french speaking part of Belgium is not french speaking because of French migrations/settlers after the Napoleonic invasion. Various tribes speaking various languages/dialects influenced by latin existed and lived there for a long time. Belgium only exists since 1830. The elites of Belgium spoke french, and all over the country french was spoken by a great number of bourgeois. In my understanding, after a long process, flemish language, spoken by a great majority of the population in the ( mostly northern part of ) belgium was recognized in courts and in the education system. The south of the country harmonized itself around french, and the north around flemish ( though there are also many flemish/germanic dialects ). There is also a third officially recognized language in Belgium : German. There is a small German region at the border with Germany, which was conceded to belgium after the first world war, as reparation. Following developments in the 70 ies and 80ies, Belgium became a Federal country. Each community has its own parliament. There are also 3 distinct regions with their own governments : Brussels ( officially bi-lingual ), Flanders, and Wallonia ( which includes the German speaking region ). Wikipedia has more info :)
#218 - Dante - 07/05/2012 - 15:07
the first writing of human kind was discovered at Tartaria in Transylvania (Romania) which was 1000 years older than the sumerian writing. The thracians were the followers of the PELASGS who where the oldest inhabitants of EUROPE. There couldn't have been an older civilization in Europe due to the Ice Age when all the northen part of Europe was covered with glaciers.
#219 - Geto-Dacian - 07/14/2012 - 03:13
I dont understand this southslav people who came in the north Macedonia in about 600 ad.
What is your problem about how Hellenic was Alexander the Great. This is well known from the 'father' of history Herodotus and all ancient histirians. The stones under the earth speak ,the ancient coins speek (Greek)and Alexander himself said 'we all Hellines'etc,etc.
You came in this land so late, that it's not of your business to involve and care if Greeks fought eachother ,like they did those times. Nothing can change your blood and make it Greek ,or ancient Macedonian (if you like).Dont be funny making big statues and call your selves Alexander. Do you know Alexanders familly tree origin ? Easy :go wikipedia.
Do you know what Alexander or Fillipos means? Easy :ask any Greek ,,both names are alive today and Greeks know and FEEL the meaning (some of them mention it above).
For you these names is only a sound and also you spell it wrong. If you were Hellenic you would be called Alexandros (Aλεξανδρος) and no Alexandar.What is this -dar ?.
Anyway the history is there ,stop being funny ,call your selves like you want ,but you cannot change the fact that the oldest ancestor of yours, in this land, came there 800 years after Alexander named his horse Voukefalas ,a name that is easily understood
by any Greek TODAY.So dont be kefalas -without Vou-(we call kefalas today ,the big headed person thas a stupid like one.
The ancient history is not your business.
Any history class in any university in the world can help you (also
And for our common good stop reading some idiots that try to spread hate using the stupid arguments like :Demosthenes called Macedonians as barbarians.We, Hellines, call each other any name we want ,in any
You mind for 600 AD and after.Before that leave it to our history and we love you (my ex girlfriend is from Scopje :-)
And something else : nobody will pay you if you tell him you are Macedonian ,Southslav,or Fyromian :-) PEACE
#220 - gk - 07/27/2012 - 02:41
I don't clearly understand what the author of this article had meant about the western civilization. In the 600 or 700 AD and after that or before that what has happened in the world is still unknown from this. To read more about the facts we have to go through the ancient period history books.
#221 - Gregory - 08/06/2012 - 04:11
You miss out half of Denmark in the map for 1505-1650. Sweden did not occupy Scania, Halland, Blekinge (now southest of Sweden) until 1658. Same problem up north with J
#222 - honung - 08/10/2012 - 12:39
German in WWII invade France but is not show in the map
#223 - Maur - 08/17/2012 - 17:36
good maps are the key to the worlds succes and to peace in the world
#224 - Stevenationsisticman - 08/27/2012 - 15:44
Can you make it a moving slide-show thing in slow motion ? It might be interesting to see the Romans and Gauls interact over the centuries.

Great work even otherwise !
#225 - Kinshuk - 08/31/2012 - 03:37
No mention of the Welsh culture and language which is still strongly spoken there to this day and is the basis for the other gaelic languages, also the Romans did conqure some of Ireland and they did push north into Scotland, the celts in Wales and what is now England had big trade with the Basque and Iberians in Spain and Portugal but language and cultural wise they were Celts!
#226 - Steffan - 09/09/2012 - 08:25
Why are there so many notes about jews. Every country, jews allowed to stay, jews forced to go, jews killed. There were so many interesting and relevant things, and all you write about is jews jews jews.
#227 - anon - 09/15/2012 - 09:53
You are talking about the basques but really there were 6 different tribes there, the basques were just on the south of france, the current basque regions were occupied by celts, asutrigons, etc, and the mayority of the people( north iberian tribes, what you call basques) were in the the current area from Asturias to west basque country. And believe me, each north region has its own culture and dialect/language, but all of them comes from the same originis, in fact, the current spanish people were descendents or cousins of those norther iberian tribes.
#228 - mike - 09/16/2012 - 19:25
The interactive map is simple yet quite useful. I would love to see more of these maps focused on the history of other regions of the world. Thank you!
#229 - DiegoSal - 09/24/2012 - 09:49
Hola! Te escribo porque hay dos errores importantes en el mapa interactivo.
Primero: Antes de Espa
#230 - Francesc - 09/26/2012 - 15:08
Hola! Te escribo porque hay dos errores importantes en el mapa interactivo.
Primero: Antes de Espa
#231 - Francesc - 09/26/2012 - 15:08
Hola! Te escribo porque hay dos errores importantes en el mapa interactivo.
Primero: Antes de Espa
#232 - Francesc - 09/26/2012 - 15:10
I freakin loved this site!!! ♥♥♥
#233 - Big Daddy Bennett - 10/05/2012 - 13:48
This is just a bullshit ! all of the Georgian history was Ignored and Information on map is wrong ! change it !!!
#234 - Temo - 10/09/2012 - 14:43
There\'s a lot of inaccuracy in the details. To mention just one example, the eastern border of Finland in 1919-1939 is shown as being the same as now. Still, this is an interesting general overview of European and Mediterranean history.
#235 - The Monster from Polaris - 10/12/2012 - 12:04
#236 - Rebecka Brown - 12/10/2012 - 15:51
I think this site is great and east to use!
#237 - Sof - 12/10/2012 - 19:58
Illyrians ancestors to albanians? are you f**** joking me? where did you learn history? i see albanian novadays propaganda twisted your mind whoever made this piece of s***! Serbs are decendants of Illyrians... Albanians was brought to these lands from Caucasus... OMG! what am i reading on this map...
#238 - asgard - 12/11/2012 - 10:23
Wonderful, WONDERFUL site. I've been searching for a site like this for a long time! Perfect for anyone who wants an overview of European history. It corrected many misconceptions I had about the history of Europe.
#239 - Sam - 12/26/2012 - 02:01
Why do I have the feeling that map of Europe will continue to change well into the future. I see the rise of Austria to restore its former size. What about you?
#240 - Prophet - 01/04/2013 - 15:44
i know right
#241 - bob - 01/09/2013 - 13:12
Sweet Map Dude
#242 - Garry - 01/10/2013 - 13:59
Bulgars were not of "Iranian origin" as map says. They were a Turkic group per most historians.
#243 - gregor samsa - 01/11/2013 - 18:11
Hey greek fags,
We fought you, brits, french, russian at the same time and kicked all of you out of our land.
It still hurts, doesn't it?
greeks are so gay, they have only anal sex even with their women.
btw, i'm happy that your economy is in toilet.
well you deserved it.
I wasn't a greek hater before but the more hatred I saw from you guys towards us the more I became a greek hater.
#244 - Ottoman - 01/14/2013 - 02:03
Hi, I just want to make shure that this site administration will fiks the huge mistake abaut Lithuania demografhy - in Lithuania lives lithuania people not latvia. Thanks a lot.
#245 - Lithuanian girl - 01/15/2013 - 09:13
Very inaccurate. Looks like another project to shrink and make Serbia unimportant.
#246 - Serb - 01/19/2013 - 09:23
this is a very helpul map. it makes me exasperated becasue its so well written to my eyes. lots of people sholud consider skimming through for very good infromation on the map
#247 - Monique.Perez(: - 01/29/2013 - 12:43
sardinia and corsica had never been under islamic domination. sardinia, after byzantine empire left the land in IX century, was divided in 4 indipendent kingdooms called giudicati until 1409, when they were conquered by spain. corsica was under genoa\'s domination until the republic sold it at the france in 1768.
#248 - paolo - 01/30/2013 - 11:48
1. The New York Times advertisement of 4/26/92 says, "4000 years of Greek History, 4000 years of Greek Culture, 4000 years of Greek Heritage... Skopje's government seeking recognition as the 'Republic of Macedonia' perpetuates a fraud." Pamphlets distributed in churches stated, "Macedonia has been Greek for 3,000 years. In ancient times Macedonians spoke Greek, worshipped Greek gods, expressed their creativity through Greek art and maintained a refined Greek culture ... all archaeological discoveries continue to unearth more information attesting to the indisputable Greekness of Macedonia."

2. "Out of the blue, in 1944, the Yugoslav communist leader, Tito, wishing to weaken Serbia on the one hand, and set the footing for future territorial claims against Greece on the other, schemingly gave South Serbia the Greek name 'Macedonia' and re-wrote the 'history' books to declare that ancient Macedonia was Slavic and that these people were descendants of Alexander the Great."

3. "The existence of a 'Slav' Macedonia could never be, and indeed, has never been supported either by historical data, or by ethnographic maps, or by statistics, or by some census, or by archaeological finds, or by even an obscure mention of such a nation from antiquity till today."

4. "Macedonia has been the name of Northern Greece for more than 3000 years. The Greek region ... has one of the most homogeneous populations in the world (98.5% Greek). Its population speaks Greek, feels Greek, is Greek."

5. "An independent 'Macedonia' would monopolize the name at the expense of the real Macedonians who are twice the number of the Slavs. The use and abuse of the name would cause widespread confusion as is already apparent."

6. "Macedonia is an indispensable part of Greece's historical heritage it cannot identify, in an ethnic sense another nation."

7. "The Skopje 'language' is undeniably Slavic."

8. "The Slavs did not set foot in the Balkans until 1000 years after Alexander the Great."

9. "The name 'Macedonia (which is etymologically Greek) was in use at least 1500 years before the arrival of the first Slavs."

10. "Every known Macedonian town, river and person had a Greek name
#249 - Aris - 02/02/2013 - 18:04
1. The New York Times advertisement of 4/26/92 says, "4000 years of Greek History, 4000 years of Greek Culture, 4000 years of Greek Heritage... Skopje's government seeking recognition as the 'Republic of Macedonia' perpetuates a fraud." Pamphlets distributed in churches stated, "Macedonia has been Greek for 3,000 years. In ancient times Macedonians spoke Greek, worshipped Greek gods, expressed their creativity through Greek art and maintained a refined Greek culture ... all archaeological discoveries continue to unearth more information attesting to the indisputable Greekness of Macedonia."

2. "Out of the blue, in 1944, the Yugoslav communist leader, Tito, wishing to weaken Serbia on the one hand, and set the footing for future territorial claims against Greece on the other, schemingly gave South Serbia the Greek name 'Macedonia' and re-wrote the 'history' books to declare that ancient Macedonia was Slavic and that these people were descendants of Alexander the Great."

3. "The existence of a 'Slav' Macedonia could never be, and indeed, has never been supported either by historical data, or by ethnographic maps, or by statistics, or by some census, or by archaeological finds, or by even an obscure mention of such a nation from antiquity till today."

4. "Macedonia has been the name of Northern Greece for more than 3000 years. The Greek region ... has one of the most homogeneous populations in the world (98.5% Greek). Its population speaks Greek, feels Greek, is Greek."

5. "An independent 'Macedonia' would monopolize the name at the expense of the real Macedonians who are twice the number of the Slavs. The use and abuse of the name would cause widespread confusion as is already apparent."

6. "Macedonia is an indispensable part of Greece's historical heritage it cannot identify, in an ethnic sense another nation."

7. "The Skopje 'language' is undeniably Slavic."

8. "The Slavs did not set foot in the Balkans until 1000 years after Alexander the Great."

9. "The name 'Macedonia (which is etymologically Greek) was in use at least 1500 years before the arrival of the first Slavs."

10. "Every known Macedonian town, river and person had a Greek name
#250 - Aris - 02/02/2013 - 18:12
the axis powers are Germany, Italy, and Japan. Not hungary
#251 - Jerimiah - 02/04/2013 - 09:29
Have to say that Alfred the Great was not of Viking decent as stated. He was from the House of Wessex which were derived from earlier Jutes. He fought against the Vikings.
#252 - sadman - 02/18/2013 - 22:04
make a american map plzzzzz
#253 - mams - 02/20/2013 - 05:39
#254 - bobbnjutwwyyy - 02/26/2013 - 15:40
Welsh language survival missed
#255 - Wales - 03/09/2013 - 05:18
There is no such nation as macedonia you stupid morons. The map is absoluteley true. \"Macedonians\" are ex-bulgarians, \"macedonian\" language is bulgarian dialect!
#256 - mhm - 03/14/2013 - 16:49
I really like this map
#257 - charity - 03/20/2013 - 08:17
Fajna strona :D
#258 - Lucjan - 03/26/2013 - 06:51
#259 - kochamser - 03/26/2013 - 06:53
Great site class love's it
#260 - khhjhjb - 04/02/2013 - 14:23
This is fantastic, I just wanted to add one more comment to the zillions already posted, just to be sure... Best Learning Aid Ever.
#261 - SPam - 04/13/2013 - 00:15
many, many, many thanks for this incredible work!
#262 - matei - 04/13/2013 - 18:34
#263 - Clinton - 04/22/2013 - 14:50
Bosnia existed from 10 th century and I m not sure how have you done thouse maps with out Bosnia .....Regards.
#264 - bkz bar - 04/23/2013 - 18:36
great site with the inevitable mistakes of course, but very educational. And unfortunately another place to continue the controversy about ancient Makedonia... Sadly for some they were greeks like the people in Peloponnisos, Crete, Thessaly, Ionia in Asia Minor and so on. Please dont insult the world and yourself by "stealing" another civilization's history just because it happened to settle nearby them.
#265 - spyros - 04/25/2013 - 08:54
poland lost 100% of the jews that is scary and that didn\'t happen any were else
#266 - wood river high school - 04/26/2013 - 12:12
I was at first look skeptical, then at second view I thought it is quite good even excellent, but on my third and final look at this website and attempt to condense entire history of European peoples, ethnic groups and nations, their developing as separate identities, etc. my final asessment and conclusion is following:
Very good try. Superficial ! Extremely superficial, maybe at time even confusing, skewed and misleading, probably not wittingly but due to extremely condensed and superficial approach.
Maps are better at, more accurate and more detailed !
#267 - santasa - 04/26/2013 - 19:38
I can not believe that you would actually consider drawing out borders for 'kosovo' when it is not recognized by the world as a country... Serbian land aka 'kosovo' will not be a country just because america says so...
#268 - serb - 04/27/2013 - 22:00
i am a young student this is helpful
#269 - ally - 04/29/2013 - 12:26
To all the nitpickers in this comments section with some sort of national/ethnic/OCD axe to grind: go away! You're obviously not interested in studying the basic patterns of human history, but are instead hung up on pushing some petty and miserable agenda. You miss the entire point of the site. You are not wanted here. Get out.
#270 - Toynbee - 05/14/2013 - 08:18
Ilirians are conected with Serbs, not Albanians
#271 - David - 05/18/2013 - 21:50
Casey, don't let these negative comments get you down! For a non-history-buff, this is VERY interesting and was exactly what I was looking for - a general overview of how Europe has evolved over the course of history.

I'm sure it's hard to read all of the errors people are pointing out or approximations people are upset about - but let's see THEM do something like this! Incredible. Good job. THANK YOU!
#272 - Brian - 05/19/2013 - 12:18
Hi Casey,

Not sure if you\'re still reading these comments or not (3 years on since the inception of the project), but I just wanted to encourage you in the face of so much negativity (although I\'m glad to see many comments providing similar encouragement).

I really enjoyed this interactive map and think you did a great job with it. I was actually thinking to myself the other day about how cool something like this would be and then, lo and behold, it already exists!

Sure, there are probably some mistakes. I think they\'re understandable oversights for the most part (or simple typos), but I\'m also not personally invested in European history (as I\'m an American). I\'m amused at how upset some people get about these trivial and inconsequential things (I\'m sure they don\'t find them trivial, of course), however. Are the Macedonians really so upset about something that has no relevance to their lives or identities today? If somebody were to start arguing about whether or not George Washington was British or American, I don\'t think I could muster up a damn to give them.

All nationalistic biases aside, I do think accuracy is important. So, even though I caution against getting disillusioned by all the agenda-carrying netizens that are bashing your site and hard work, please do try to keep things updated if there does end up being any validity to claims in the comments section. Granted, that\'s a lot of work and I have no idea if you\'re able to garner income from any part of this site, but I think you\'ve got something great here and it would be a shame to see it stagnate.

In the end, I\'ll echo many other supporters in saying that I\'d love to see something like this done on a world-wide scale (which is actually what I was imagining before I stumbled upon this through Reddit). I\'d also love to see some citation of sources that you used (yes, it\'s more work, but I think in the end it\'s worth it for the sake of transparency).

Keep up the great work and, again, thank you!
#273 - AtrainV - 05/28/2013 - 05:50
Wrong info about 08/08/08 war of Osetia.
#274 - Sergio - 05/29/2013 - 02:44
This is a good map from a macro perspective, but it contains some serious incorrect information which can be misleading.

For example: The word \"Norse\" does NOT mean \"Norwegian\". It is the name of the culture which originated from ALL of Scandinavia, not only the western coast of the peninsula.
#275 - Axel - 06/12/2013 - 08:56
Casey- Thank you so much for all the work you put into creating this site. It\'s a fascinating snapshot of history and an interesting look into human nature...To all the petty criticizers and haters: Go and work on your own site and we\'ll see how you do!!!
#276 - Mother of Dragons - 06/23/2013 - 01:08
The Norse people=Swedes, Danes & Norwegians.
#277 - Eivind - 06/24/2013 - 02:36
No matter how good the material presented, the comments section always brings out the worst of people.
#278 - Gus - 07/09/2013 - 14:51
Hi! This is a superb site, I love it!
There is however a thing I was wondering - Istria was a part of Italy from 1918 to 1943, but in the map it is a part of Yugoslavia (newly formed after world war one).
#279 - Johan S - 07/11/2013 - 08:03
The Netherlands was neutral during the first world war.
#280 - Abe - 07/15/2013 - 20:34
I was enjoying this map until I came upon the typical anti-Christian sentiments. Christianity contributed to the further deepening of the dark ages. That makes very little sense, just look at your own maps... Christianity saved civilisation in W-Europe.
#281 - David - 07/17/2013 - 12:04
Any Hungarian watching this will be, and should be, outraged over the grand misrepresentation of the country's borders, and the pathetic attempt to minimize the Treaty of Trianon - arguably the most disastrous peace treaty ever imposed upon a European Kingdom - which effectively deprived Hungary of 2/3 of its territory in favor of artificial states. This kind of racist attitude towards Hungarians by Indo-Europeans is what makes the majority of us look at Europe in shmae at the very least, and disgust and utter contempt at the most.
#282 - Gecifereg - 08/14/2013 - 22:15
This site is so inaccurate and based on old information that it is hilarious. western-balkans were dominated by several kingdoms from 1000-1490 (small albanian state last balkan state to be retaken by ottomans, Also Zeta (montenegro) remais independent for a long while further.
#283 - Lou - 08/16/2013 - 17:01
Actually the Baltic tribes included Prussians and Latgalians and The Grand Duchy of Lithuania suddenly disappeared from the historical maps...but at least nice try to consolidate all history of Europe in the maps...congrats - nice job done...
#284 - Andy - 08/19/2013 - 10:26
Great job. Best site ever. Thank you. You've got here a life's work.
#285 - Carlos - 08/20/2013 - 18:14
The nitpickers will of course have a great time showing off bits of esoteric knowledge but within the constraints and purposes the site was developed it is a great effort and provides a launch point for anyone wishing to delve deeper into any particular piece of geo-political history
#286 - steve - 08/28/2013 - 04:55
Mistakes here and there but an interesting overview.
#287 - JJ - 09/04/2013 - 10:30
#288 - f - 09/16/2013 - 18:35
#289 - Banana - 09/17/2013 - 16:16
this site sucks horribly
#290 - Bronson broil - 09/23/2013 - 10:45
#291 - Bronson broil - 09/23/2013 - 10:50
#292 - gf - 09/26/2013 - 14:49
Do not use that. It\'s complete crap.
#293 - paloma - 09/29/2013 - 17:20
Don't be shy, show some thigh!
#294 - The Thigh Guy - 10/02/2013 - 13:35
#295 - KingSoup - 10/02/2013 - 13:35
Why does this map ignore the existence of Wales?
#296 - Mark - 10/17/2013 - 07:26
Wow, I spent hours pouring over this amazing work, and that was just a start. Thanks,

#297 - Brian Cady - 10/28/2013 - 22:21
This was a War that should not have been. but people at that time did not know better and where greedy for power and land and saw nothing else. However one thing I don't understand is I heard Japan was involved in this war but I don't see it mentioned where are they in this War?
#298 - David R. Wingard - 10/30/2013 - 22:34
#299 - yeyo1234567890 - 11/04/2013 - 14:43
Great Idea, but spoiled by mistakes.

Finnish territory in 1919-1939 shown incorrectly (same as after WWII), should be larger.

Azerbaijan incorrectly not included in USSR!

North Caucasus region have not been entirely conquered by Russia by 1789 as it is shown.

Early periods are also questionable.

#300 - ilya - 11/06/2013 - 14:24
Great map
#301 - Lemons83 - 11/16/2013 - 21:55
This entire interazcive map is too wrong. Just too wrong , and noobish. Dont do nathing, if you have to do things badly.
#302 - Polish - 11/24/2013 - 01:52
dal 1919 al 1945 l'Istria e Dalmazia erano italiane
#303 - Carlo - 11/30/2013 - 11:34
Swots and smart-alecs! I\'m the only pure blood German here who actually knows what I\'m talking about
#304 - Wilhelm Gustav Tristan Brutus Fischer - 12/04/2013 - 15:26
I found your map both informative and intriguing.
It made me want to do further research given some of the comments and I came across this. It clarified much for me. Hope it does the same for everyone else.
#305 - ray chandler - 12/14/2013 - 11:56
#306 - buttinmcbuttinwillow - 12/16/2013 - 14:43
i like this site cuz my class uses it so much cuz we are a history class in high school! and we are a mix of freshman sophmores juners and senyears so i realy like it alot!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
#307 - Red~Ren~Rocks!!! - 12/18/2013 - 16:31
By the way... no northen (by the Baltic sea) Slavic tribes are shown on the map between 600-1200 AD, only Germanic tribes (?) - this is absolutly wrong!

Just look for so called west slavic "Lechite tribes": Abodrites, Veleti, Rani, Lutici, Polabinas... and so on.

Overall not an acurate map regarding Slavic tribes! Please do correct it.
#308 - Abodrite - 12/19/2013 - 04:46
cool SITE
#309 - brandan jones - 12/19/2013 - 11:56
#310 - nick - 12/19/2013 - 12:13
#311 - link - 01/06/2014 - 07:56
Nice,it sees that you know history very well!
Especially Balkan history you know better than those who are commenting without knowledge and with prejudice!
Of course,our history is in shade because of them who wants to turn it on their favour!
One more time,from person without prejudice and who love history,congratulations for very nice site!
#312 - Balkanian - 01/09/2014 - 13:34
Bryce L is a Fish....or somethin like dat
#313 - John Neely....I think - 01/13/2014 - 14:33
#314 - wow amazing site,I loved the site except for a few miss spellings :P - 01/13/2014 - 14:52
This is dumb
#315 - dylan - 01/14/2014 - 10:27
so are you
#316 - Not Me - 01/14/2014 - 10:28
Shut it this county boy know his stuff so back up before I kick you so don't talk about me!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
#317 - Trent Abney - 01/14/2014 - 10:30
Go Ride your tractor.
#318 - Not Me - 01/14/2014 - 10:32
Im black so back up kk do sumthin ha ha ahah ha ha foo get like me haha
#319 - Trent Abney - 01/14/2014 - 10:34
I'm wit you
#320 - Zach Admas - 01/14/2014 - 10:36
No, I don't like you mom
#321 - Tent Abney - 01/14/2014 - 10:37
Fine go you can go too your room you know what i'm sayin
#322 - Zach Adams - 01/14/2014 - 10:39
#323 - Black - 01/14/2014 - 10:44
i didnt post anything that is posted by me wasnt me
#324 - Trent Abney - 01/14/2014 - 10:45
dylan cole is coooooooooooooool mnot
#325 - Trent Abney - 01/14/2014 - 10:47
#326 - dylan - 01/14/2014 - 10:54
Big tit man those are nice
#327 - Trent - 01/14/2014 - 10:55
that wasnt me it was dyaln
#328 - trent - 01/14/2014 - 10:59
That was actually Black
#329 - Trent - 01/14/2014 - 10:59
i have to an assignment in World Geography. Anyone a pro with this site.. and want to find 10 events related to each other???????? THANKZZZZZZZ HATERZZXXXXX
#330 - HAi Hai - 01/14/2014 - 16:16
i have to an assignment in World Geography. Anyone a pro with this site.. and want to find 10 events related to each other???????? THANKZZZZZZZ HATERZZXXXXX!!!
#331 - Hailey - 01/14/2014 - 16:30
I Love this website me no english.
#332 - Yakimoto - 01/16/2014 - 10:59
Brother my Brother. No speaka englisho myslef
#333 - Yushimoto - 01/16/2014 - 11:00
ha lolololololololololololo

#334 - Yakimoto - 01/16/2014 - 11:01
Stop commenting Yakimoto, go back to rice patties we call beds and close your eyes
#335 - Yushimoto - 01/16/2014 - 11:03
fi dolla eggroll

#336 - Yakimoto - 01/16/2014 - 11:03
Dont be Silly, Protect Your Willy!!!
#337 - Yushimoto - 01/16/2014 - 11:06
You are the Choosen one

#338 - Yakimoto - 01/16/2014 - 11:06
Horry crap i rike egg rorrs

#339 - Yakimoto - 01/16/2014 - 11:07
I like hairy but holes
#340 - yake milk - 01/21/2014 - 10:06
to get yake milk you must go down and up with the utters!
#341 - yake milk - 01/21/2014 - 10:11
I find this very Informational what ever that means #TwerkTeam
#342 - Hugh Jass - 01/23/2014 - 11:49
#343 - Ben Dover - 01/23/2014 - 11:51
#344 - yake jizz - 01/23/2014 - 12:10
This is awesome I wonder if you could use data to build more maps
#345 - Liam Carter - 01/31/2014 - 15:39
Greece rules!

#346 - bob - 02/01/2014 - 20:11
My polaczki padamy do stop naszym panom z EU i przysiegamy tyrac jak murzyny na polach bawelny za darmowy worek cebuli i 8 euro na godzine
#347 - polaczek - 02/02/2014 - 14:25
The Jewish holocaust was in no way unprecedented. In fact, Hitler used Lincoln\'s aboriginal American genocide as a blueprint and rallying point for his generals.
#348 - RJG - 02/03/2014 - 16:32
Amazing site. Thank you.
#349 - rozemarijntje - 02/18/2014 - 02:19
this map was omg beast
#350 - hi - 02/19/2014 - 10:01
#351 - lol - 02/19/2014 - 17:08
were art thou map
#352 - chase!!!!!!!!!! - 02/20/2014 - 09:18
Just too wrong!!! Greece!? What the Hell you're talking about? In the ancient world there is no Greece at all!
#353 - Aristotel - 02/24/2014 - 20:23
Stupid site, far from truth maps. Bulgarian empire??? there was no such empire. Greece history is totally wrong. This site is an example of how anybody can say anything on internet. Was it build by americans? cause they know nothing about history or geography.
#354 - Ovidius Publius - 03/02/2014 - 07:24
bitches this site is awesome you high on some heavy shit! i stopped puffing my bong to read this crap so it must because im addicted #kariong teen
#355 - oliverlikesdick - 03/06/2014 - 18:34
i udabea moker
#356 - nerri - 03/06/2014 - 18:35
#357 - nerri - 03/06/2014 - 18:38
im a homo cud I udabea moker
#358 - homo - 03/06/2014 - 18:39
OMG i luv dis site gets me high all da time so plz message me if u wanna get funky
#359 - Bob - 03/06/2014 - 18:40
onli spodermon can hav sweg and not be an fagit cause spodermon is da best and wif grat powr cums grat respnsiblte
#360 - Spodermon - 03/06/2014 - 18:41
My bum hole is ichy. Does that mean i have cancer?
#361 - Bob - 03/06/2014 - 18:42
#362 - homo - 03/06/2014 - 18:42
nek urself
#363 - Jacob - 03/06/2014 - 18:42
i livein kariong and are are ashamed to see the youth of kariong im reporting
#364 - PHIL - 03/06/2014 - 18:43
lovely bumhole you have there
#365 - in da bam - 03/06/2014 - 18:43
Nice try. Nice site. There are lot of mistakes as many of visitors noticed.
It would be great if we could just write that we know or what we think, peacefully, without getting mad.
Best wishes everyone!
#366 - Bogdan - 03/08/2014 - 11:05
try to find soup

im puttin

#367 - brad - 03/14/2014 - 11:38
I also like pie.
#368 - Bry an - 03/17/2014 - 13:02
heyy dylan
#369 - butthole - 03/17/2014 - 13:05
#370 - UNKNOWN - 03/17/2014 - 16:49
#371 - lalaland - 03/17/2014 - 19:00
How does it go down there
#372 - butthole - 03/18/2014 - 12:44
First person to guess my name gets a high five.

You Never Will.

Be Cool If You Did.
#373 - Hi! My Name Is... - 03/18/2014 - 13:00
hey i work on 82 nd now
#374 - The best hooker ever - 03/18/2014 - 16:18
#375 - - 03/18/2014 - 18:45
fuck you people. you guys are dumbasses
#376 - crap - 03/21/2014 - 09:38
This page is very useful!! Thank you a lot
#377 - Mary - 03/23/2014 - 07:31



#378 - bob - 03/26/2014 - 04:29
this is use less
#379 - nunya - 04/23/2014 - 10:33
`slob on my knob like cone on the cobe

#380 - the killer - 04/23/2014 - 11:39
Good idea to do something like this, but, as always, the West is changing history on Balkans. First of all, the border of the first Croats and Serbs was river Cetina, and Serbs were holding Bosnia. Albanians are not Illyrians, that is just a theory that has a lot of holes in itself. Also, Serbs are shown as unimportant and "bad" country, especially in Yugoslavia. Serbs weren't holding Croats and Slovenians against their will. Croatia and Slovenia became free when Serbia beat Austria-Hungary with help of France and England. Aleksander Karadjordjevic thought that Croats, Slovenians and Serbs were one unique nation. But Crats never liked Serbs. Serbia didn't want to destroy Yugoslavia because of "Great Serbia" idea. Also, Serbia didn't want to save Yugoslavia because of her dominance in it. Croats destroyed it because they wanted their own big country. This site doesn't say anything about Independent State of Croatia in WWII and 700 000 Serbs that were killed in there. Serbs in Croatia were exiled and killed in Croatia in the regions where they were the majority in Yugoslavia Civil Wars. Pretty similar thing in Bosnia. Serbs also did some terrible things in Bosnia and we are ashamed of that, but some even more awful things happened on the other side. Kosovo is worse thing, NATO beat us just as 5-10 years before and did some disgusting things(For example, NATO bombardment without UN permission. I forgot to say, FYROM is mostly Serbian, with Bulgarians and Albanians. Serbs did not do any terror there. Montenegrins should be ashamed of themselves, because they betrayed us, because Montengro was always one of the Serbian countries. But we love them anyway and that can't change. :D
#381 - Aleksandar Srbija - 04/25/2014 - 15:16
this is stupid

#382 - Isaac Evans - 04/29/2014 - 09:33
this is a turrible webie site- SLOB ON MY KNOB LIKE CONE ON THE COBE!
#383 - K - 04/29/2014 - 09:35
had to use this for a project big help
#384 - Leah - 05/03/2014 - 13:53
#385 - yo mama - 05/03/2014 - 20:14
About war 2008 at Georgia all wrong.
Russia take action after Georgian army killed 800 unarmed peoples and 100+ UN peacekeeper.
Also Russia try avoid the situation and tell to all Europe it is bad idea separate Kosovo and example for others.
#386 - ilea - 05/04/2014 - 12:40
thnx guys for this website a big help
#387 - bob smith - 05/05/2014 - 13:29
it is cool sike
#388 - lool - 05/06/2014 - 10:41
#389 - swqg - 05/12/2014 - 09:14
this website is really wonderful. i thank you ,who created the website, for this.
#390 - cagatay - 05/13/2014 - 11:38
Amazing site simple easy effective truly brilliant
#391 - WelloBello - 05/13/2014 - 11:48
The segment Unrest in Greece 1946 and after is really flawed. The author seems to be really biased or ignorant.

The general idea of the site though is amazing.
#392 - Tasos - 05/15/2014 - 10:20
Is it Will?
#393 - Guessing persons name - 05/20/2014 - 20:17
This is exactly what I was looking for...!
#394 - Mike - 05/29/2014 - 02:45
I learned more from just the 1914 map in 10 minutes than I did in the entirety of my education from kindergarten to college graduation.
#395 - Druk - 06/29/2014 - 11:49
Denmark was indeed in afghanistan, even a docu.
#396 - Mjes - 07/01/2014 - 15:11
Simply awesome, congrats and keep it up mate!! I would just like to add the middle east to the map, it would be interesting.
#397 - David - 07/14/2014 - 04:43
#398 - jimjim - 07/30/2014 - 21:29
there are some mistakes like:"relearning from phoeniciancs (modern syria)" the truth is the alphabet came from byblos which is modern Lebanon not syria.
also in Carthage, it's modern lebanon because it is a country on the shores east the medeteranian sea.
Please fix it guys
#399 - Fouad - 08/09/2014 - 05:34
Someone probably mentioned it above, but although the whole initiative is nice, the map is incorrect. Furthermore, it has some serious mistakes, especially according to Poland. For instance, the map for 1919-1939 shows borders of Poland on the east more or less like the Curzon line was predicted for it. Well, the whole effort taken in the Polish- Bolsheviks war was to spread Poland as far to the east as it was possible, due to the before partition period borders - simply reclaiming what was mainly Polish. This is the example how should it look like:
It is important and fragile topis, especially to those nations who suffered communism and Stalin's play with central european borders.
#400 - Michal - 08/30/2014 - 08:33
This map is amazing. Just like boobs.
#401 - THAT RANDOM PERSON - 09/08/2014 - 10:53
I like big boobs and butts.
#402 - Colby jackass - 09/10/2014 - 13:13
Site is terrific! Super fun and educational!!! Keep up the good work!
#403 - THAT OTHER RANDOM PERSON - 09/20/2014 - 21:40
#404 - Emprestimo Para Negativado - 09/28/2014 - 04:34
fuck yall bitches haaaaaaaaaaaaaaa follow me on instagram and ill followback
name xx.sheed.xx
#405 - follow me on instagram - 09/30/2014 - 13:38
why you got be so racist dont you know i am white and black too so fuck you like an all day like a jackass motherfucker son of a bitch
#406 - hgjufjufifififi - 10/01/2014 - 13:07
fuck yall fuck asssssssssssssssssssss niggas i hate meanies follow me on instagram for a follow baac name- xx.sheed.xx
#407 - big dick nigga - 10/01/2014 - 13:15
#408 - motherfucker - 10/08/2014 - 13:41
#409 - motherfucker - 10/08/2014 - 13:46
#410 - vgfhvfhfghgfhgfhgfjhgfuih - 10/08/2014 - 13:48
This is a great resource for improving my knowledge in this area ;) I would highly suggest it :)
#411 - 18yuxion - 10/21/2014 - 09:35
شركة تنظيف موكيت بالرياض
شركة تنظيف مجالس بالرياض
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شركة تنظيف فلل بمكة
شركة تنظيف خزانات بمكة
شركة تنظيف موكيت بمكة
شركة رش مبيدات بمكة
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شركة عزل خزانات بمكة
شركة كشف تسرب المياه بمكة
شركة تسليك مجارى بجدة
شركات مكافحة الحشرات في جدة
شركات رش المبيدات الحشرية بجدة
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شركة تنظيف فلل بالدمام
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#412 - yasmenabdallah - 10/28/2014 - 04:11
#413 - yasmenabdallah - 10/28/2014 - 04:14
#414 - yasmenabdallah - 10/28/2014 - 04:15
#415 - yasmenabdallah - 10/28/2014 - 04:19
#416 - yasmenabdallah - 10/28/2014 - 04:21
#417 - yasmenabdallah - 10/28/2014 - 04:22
#418 - yasmenabdallah - 10/28/2014 - 04:23
#419 - yasmenabdallah - 10/28/2014 - 04:24
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