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The Rise of Russian Communism

Karl Marx. British and French thinkers came up with the general concept of socialism in the mid-1800s, calling for community-controlled wealth and property, administered by rulers through pragmatic reasoning, without religious influence. Religion and capitalism were viewed as harmful to society, resulting in inequality and the exploitation of the masses. This movement would influence Karl Marx, a Prussian (German) Jew. Marx wrote the book titled "Communist Manifesto" (1848), which advocated a system without classes and privately-owned property.

(Continued Below)

Marxism was essentially a specific type of socialism which defined political characteristics to the general idea of socialism. For example, socialism could theoretically exist within the framework of any political entity, from a cohesive state to an anarchist setting. Marxism strived for the elimination of political borders. Marxism also called for an end to religious authority and influence, while the general concept of socialism was independent of theological impact.

Communism's Appeal in Russia. The seeds of future Russian Communisms were sown with the abolition of serfdom in 1861. Serfdom is a form of slavery where peasants are tied to a piece of farmland. They are allowed to use the land to provide for themselves and their family, but are forced to succumb to the will of their master in all things, including military service whenever needed. The abolition of serfdom resulted in a mass exodus from the agricultural areas to the cities, where the new working class found employment in factories as part of Russia's industrial revolution. However, they had no leverage as a large collection of individuals and were easily exploited, working for miniscule wages. The consequential poverty epidemic made the general public very open to the idea of communism. After the loss to Japan in the Russo-Japanese War in 1905, and the sorry state of the Russian Empire, the conditions were ripe for a fundamental change.

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Lenin. After Marx's death, Lenin was strongly influenced by "Communist Manifesto". Having never met Marx, he based the platform of his Bolshavek party (later known as the Communist Party) upon its principles. Marx had predicted that communism would first take root in England and France, spreading throughout the rest of the world from there. However, he did intimate that Russia might be more ready to embrace communism, since it had not been democratized like the west. Lenin took this mission upon himself, and sought to carry it out once in power via the Communist Revolution in 1917. In Marxism, communism was a stateless ideal. Lenin believed that it would be embraced by the working class majority throughout the entire world after taking root in Russia. However, communist revolts that took place throughout the rest of Europe after WWI were successfully defused by incumbent powers.

Stalinism. Upon the death of Lenin in 1925, Stalin outmaneuvered fellow Lenin disciple Trotsky to inherit the reigns of the Soviet Union. Trotsky sought to continue Lenin's efforts of aggressively establishing Communism throughout all the world, since communism was inherently stateless, and was not intended to exist within the framework of the traditional notion of a "nation". Stalin was more practical, learning from the resounding defeat of communism in other parts of Europe. He instead espoused the concept of focusing on strengthening the Soviet Union, under Communist ideals, while simply supporting communist revolutions whenever and wherever they arose. Stalin's ideology proved more widely accepted, and became the "M.O." of the Soviet Union from that point forward.

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Comments (79)

thx 4 the info dood it wuz rly hlepful
#1 - Gary Muldoon - 11/19/2009 - 13:30
thankx for the info helped out alot :)
#2 - not tellin yew - 05/08/2011 - 13:31
Thanks man.
Helpful
To
The
Max
#3 - Pikachu - 10/13/2011 - 19:02
Helpful information for an assignment I am writing at the moment however no information on who wrote the article which means a dent in my harvard referencing! Is it possible to find out who wrote this?
#4 - RW - 11/27/2011 - 10:12
This crap is confusing.
#5 - loverr - 01/05/2012 - 20:35
yeah now ill toayally pass this class
#6 - yuki - 01/18/2012 - 18:55
i reawy liked it thnx u vary much
#7 - thee omitey ape - 01/24/2012 - 10:24
can i get the name of the author to be able to finish my harvard referencing
#8 - harvard - 03/05/2012 - 10:38
I think this is kinda of helpful but i ned authors name
#9 - not there yet - 03/10/2012 - 12:37
my sentiments exactly....author's name is required for research papers......but luckily, titles can be an acception.... >(^u^)
#10 - cutiio - 04/04/2012 - 20:03
thx this help mehh a lot ! im doing a history paper and i took down some good notes ! thanks
#11 - nerrd(: - 04/26/2012 - 00:26
thanks great infopr
#12 - andrew - 09/16/2012 - 20:55
awesome paper dude
#13 - doug - 09/21/2012 - 08:40
thnx 4 tha help br0, couldn't have done it without you. your a lifesaver.
#14 - russiadude64 - 10/02/2012 - 09:23
Communism is what obama wants to put in America. We MUST not allow that!!!! Elect Romney
#15 - rjc1975 - 10/02/2012 - 11:55
romney knows more about business than obama and could most likely fix the economic problems, he is an extremely successful business man and has already fixed salt lake so I think he can do it in america also.
#16 - george washington - 10/08/2012 - 00:09
thnx for the info. rlly helped.
#17 - school girl - 10/21/2012 - 11:14
Thanks for the info. Helped big time. Last minute essay ;)
#18 - Indian - 12/03/2012 - 06:37
Yeah, no. Obama isn't a communist. What are you smoking?
#19 - Anonymous - 12/07/2012 - 17:46
Romney should have become president. could have pulled america out of the trillions of dollars of debt theyre in.
#20 - Anonymous - 12/14/2012 - 14:18
Thanks you!
#21 - lipsettlake - 01/08/2013 - 12:54
This really helped except for one thing, no author listed! And a URL would be nice -_-
#22 - lipsettlake - 01/08/2013 - 13:01
Ok look I'm sorry this a really good sight but it wasnt the thing I was hoping for so yeah oh and u Huey's r like 13 14 so don't worry about the presidents and stuff u have your whole life to live don't worry about that worry about yourself thank u for the ones who read this
#23 - #73 - 01/25/2013 - 10:48
I love communism
#24 - matthew trapani - 01/29/2013 - 10:42
You spelled "Bolshevik" wrong.
#25 - z - 02/09/2013 - 16:12
The amount of spelling mistakes in the comments is appalling. You all sit here and irrelevantly talk about your dumb polotical views, mostly in regards to how you think obama is a communist. If you honestly belive that a person running as the representative for the Democratic Party is a communist over the representative for the COMMUNIST PARTY, you seriously need a bit of a reality check. Spend some time reading a book instead of sharing your opinions on an article.
#26 - Intelligible Human Being - 02/22/2013 - 11:18
fghfgdhdfh
#27 - t - 02/27/2013 - 15:45
i love dis type of history.
#28 - man of god - 03/07/2013 - 19:12
Write the name of the author. I need a works cited page!
#29 - Emily - 03/24/2013 - 13:27
hey great help
#30 - anonymus - 05/05/2013 - 12:36
Omg, helpped A LOT. Didn\'t Know communism was called \"Bolshavik\".
#31 - The_Gr8_Sk8r - 05/05/2013 - 14:06
#Small cock
#32 - anonymous - 08/06/2013 - 19:41
Why are you talking about Obama & Romney? Has Noting to do with communism stupid.
#33 - GW - 08/07/2013 - 15:17
umb fucks
#34 - HOBish - 08/12/2013 - 00:28
Dis nigga
#35 - slobo - 08/12/2013 - 00:28
this helped in me in my English work
#36 - khan - 09/05/2013 - 15:57
Fuck Obama and Romney, go Australia Mate- Toney Abbot all the way!!
#37 - Bogan - 09/09/2013 - 02:44
This was really helpful for my project paper! I really understand it now! :-)
#38 - aperson - 10/12/2013 - 18:30
what the duck is wrong with you people have some respect for all of those powerful presidents even tho they are total duckboards
#39 - jkjidsjiodiofsnof - 11/18/2013 - 08:46
I liek to eats ze bagel.
#40 - Sergeant Bagel - 11/18/2013 - 08:48
WIKIPEDIA MOTHERDUCKERS!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
#41 - TheOnlineOne - 11/18/2013 - 08:50
Hey, you guys should really watch out because obama is gonna cream your cheese! But, romney should have gotten elected!!!!! but, i have to agree, Austrailia all the way Mate!!!!!!
#42 - !!! - 11/18/2013 - 08:50
ID LOVE TO HURT SERGEANT BAGLE!!!!
#43 - !!! - 11/18/2013 - 08:52
OK why are people just tring to make this website evil there might be children on this thing!!!!!!!! not just the occasional loser BUT I DONT KILL BAGELS
#44 - YOU CANT SEE ME! - 11/18/2013 - 08:52
I will personally smother all human beings in hardened pancake syrup and eat all of you alive!!
#45 - Captain Pancake - 11/18/2013 - 08:53
OK why are people just tring to make this website evil there might be children on this thing!!!!!!!! not just the occasional loser
#46 - YOU CANT SEE ME! - 11/18/2013 - 08:53
Hey Captain Pancake, do you feel better now
#47 - HI - 11/18/2013 - 08:54
Hey, Captain pancake, r u really depressed or something? because that was just low
#48 - !!! - 11/18/2013 - 08:56
PEACE AND OTHER DRUGS MAN!!!!
#49 - PEACE - 11/18/2013 - 08:56
Our french toast are ready to invade the American border so we can finally destroy the American societies within the U.S. Be ready for an attack on your own soil.
#50 - General Waffle - 11/18/2013 - 08:56
ok, just dont forget the butter, mon
#51 - ;p - 11/18/2013 - 08:57
I had nothing to do with this! I demand a recount!
#52 - Mr. French Toast - 11/18/2013 - 08:58
Wow..lollipop
#53 - Anonymous - 11/18/2013 - 16:17
It helped a lot but then it was also confusing but it helped my pet dog so it's fine.
#54 - Anonymous - 11/18/2013 - 16:20
Great article, creepy comments
#55 - Anonymous - 11/18/2013 - 19:15
shaddup you ppl
#56 - annoyed - 11/19/2013 - 10:48
Did not get wat iwantd!!!!u shud b sry!! N who r dse fu#@ingguys writing nnsnc
icl comnts??!!:-/
#57 - Me crazy - 11/27/2013 - 05:21
Yall niggas use this info for school but can barely spell.
#58 - Swag od - 11/29/2013 - 12:49
how dare yu miscreants do this on a public website

#59 - pahntom626 - 12/02/2013 - 00:45
e e mukintar stole all of the butter chicken. now we need to go find new chicken!
#60 - kolololo - 12/05/2013 - 15:53
fuck this shit
#61 - lololololololol - 12/09/2013 - 14:14
hey
#62 - bffll - 12/19/2013 - 08:54
dis is bare cool enit g widout dat info I don\'t know what I would do CHICKEN!
#63 - yolo mcswagmuffin - 01/13/2014 - 06:51
you guys are high
#64 - stoner - 01/13/2014 - 11:50
bitches and hoes on my dick lol
#65 - noone - 01/13/2014 - 17:07
FUCK U ALL. ONLY BITCHES JUMP ON MY DICK
#66 - BAD ASS FUCKER - 01/24/2014 - 15:50
That blows
#67 - Cr - 01/27/2014 - 12:09
information very detailed, but I am more interested on how the people reacted towards these changes.
#68 - Me - 01/30/2014 - 07:47
fucking commie pig bastards
#69 - disman - 02/02/2014 - 20:01
u fucking commie bastards will not make me one of your robots. you want me to share my hard earned property with u? I\'ll share my precious metals...copper and lead.
#70 - kumingitit - 02/02/2014 - 20:03
fak u al i em owt uf dis wbsit
#71 - dolan - 02/03/2014 - 13:45
morning
#72 - R - 02/05/2014 - 14:42
Thank you very much for this information, it was helpful for the extended essay I am writing.
#73 - Tris - 02/10/2014 - 19:59
Kids might be on this who may not know not to cuss so stop cussing!!! \.
/.
#74 - Anonymous - 02/11/2014 - 11:19
cuss=sucks so stop cussing KIDS might read this!!!
#75 - Anonymous - 02/11/2014 - 11:38
This is helpful but I need an author
#76 - Anonymous - 02/11/2014 - 11:40
LPKU97UHI
#77 - JOSH ROBERT GORDON SMITH - 02/13/2014 - 07:03
None of you people know how to spell. This article is helpful in learning about communism. No one if forcing you to be a communist, and if you choose not to be one, it is your decision. As there are kids going on this site and using the information, you should keep your obviously uneducated mouths shut and your opinions to yourselves.
#78 - Kaitlen Smith - 03/26/2014 - 23:18
harry styles is hot.
#79 - harrystylessecretluvr69696969 - 04/07/2014 - 14:09
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